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Περδίκκου—Perdiccas II., son of Alexander the Philhellene. His shifty policy gave great trouble to Athens in the war. (1) Before 432 he was in alliance with Athens. (2) In 432 he encouraged the revolt of Potidaea. because Athens was in alliance with his brother and enemy Philip (3) In 431 he was reconciled to Athens. (4) In 429 Athens projected an expedition against him, but was unable to undertake it. (5) In 424 he encouraged Brasidas to invade Thrace. (6) In 424 autumn, owing to differences with Brasidas, he made terms with the Athenians, but lent no assistance. (7) In 418 winter, he again joined Sparta, after the battle of Mantiuea. The Athenians blockaded him in 417. (8) He is now again on terms with Athens, but Thuc. has omitted to explain this new change. The condition of Macedon was much improved after the accession of Archelaus in 413 ἐπ᾽ Ἀμφίπολιν—founded 437 by Hagnon (strategus 440, 430, 429). It passed over to Sparta in 424, and was never regained by Athens, though it should have been given back under the terms of the Peace of Nicias. In 358 Philip added it to Macedon. It was the central city of one of the four confederacies into which Rome divided Macedon in 168, after the fall of Perscus 4 τὴν μὲν πόλιν οὐχ εἷλεν—the neg. put first in parataxis, as often when the chief object of an action fails; cf V. 6 Σταγείρῳ προσβάλλει . . . καὶ οὐχ εἷλεν, Γαληψὸν δὲ λαμβάνει.
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