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The Plataeans who had remained in the city surrender to the Peloponnesian besieging army, and agree to submit their cause to the Lacedaemonians as judges.

καὶ οἱ Πλαταιῆς: cf. c. 24. fin. καί refers to the similar fate of the Mytileneans, esp. cc. 27, 28.—2.

πολιορκεῖσθαι: as in c. 109. 3, = ὑπομένειν τὴν πολιορκίαν, or, as expressed in ii. 70. 2, πολιορκούμενοι ἀντέχειν.

προσέβαλον . . . οἱ δὲ οὐκ ἐδύναντο: paratactic connexion, with change of subj.—5.

Λακεδαιμόνιος ἄρχων: the name not given here, nor in c. 20 ff., nor in ii. 78.—6.

εἰρημένον γὰρ ἦν: on the reading, see App. βίᾳ μὴ ἑλεῖν is to be supplied. Cf. Xen. Cyrop. iv. 5. 14 οἱ φύλακες, ὥσπερ εἰρημένον ἦν [sc. μὴ εἰσαφεῖναι] ὑπὸ Κύρου, οὐκ εἰσαφῆκαν αὐτούς.—8. ξυγχωροῖεν: sc. οἱ Λακεδαιμόνιοι, since precisely these wish by their present course to secure themselves in advance against a forced concession, such as really was made v. 17. § 2. ἑκάτεροι belongs only to ἔχουσι. So Cl. explains; but it seems equally natural to supply οἱ Λακεδαιμόνιοι καὶ Ἀθηναῖοι from ἑκάτεροι as subj. of ξυγχωροῖεν.—9. ἀνάδοτος: found only here. For the accent and ending, cf. ἀνάγραπτος, i. 129. 14. Kühn. 147 c β. Cf. Poll. vii. 2. 13 τὸ μετὰ τὴν πρᾶσιν ἀποδοθὲν ἀνάδοτον ἄν τις εἰπεῖν δύναιτο, εἰπόντος Θουκυδίδου, “μὴ ἀνάδοτος εἴη Πλάταια.”— 10. αὐτῶν: intensive, which does not, however, make ἑκόντων superfluous.—11.

λέγοντα: pres. partic., as in vi. 88. 62; vii. 3. 4; 25. 40. On this depends τούς τε ἀδίκους κολάσειν . . . οὐδένα, which is apod. to εἰ βούλονται . . . χρήσασθαι. The const. is exactly the same as in vii. 3. 4 προπέμπει αὐτοῖς λέγοντα, εἰ βούλονται ἐξιέναι ἐκ τῆς Σικελίας πέντε ἡμερῶν λαβόντες τὰ σφέτερα αὐτῶν, ἑτοῖμος εἶναι σπένδεσθαι.—13. τούς τε ἀδίκους: τε correl. to the following δέ, as i. 11. 2; 25. 11; v. 9. 35; vii. St. 12; viii. 16. 12. Hence C. F. Müller's conjecture (N. Jahrbb. exli. p. 363 f.), τούς γε ἀδίκους, is unnecessary. Kr. Spr. 69, 16, 6; Kühn. 520, N. 3.—

κολάσειν: the subj. is τοὺς Λακεδαιμονίους or τοὺς δικαστὰς τῶν Λακεδαιμονίων. The fut. has been correctly restored by Kr. for κολάζειν of the Mss., since it depends on λέγοντα. See Kr.'s note and St. Qu. Gr.^{2} p. 13.

ἐν τῷ ἀσθενεστάτῳ: in the last stage of weakness. Cf. Dio C. lxxiv. 12. 52 ἐν τῷ ἀσθενεστάτῳ ἐγένοντο, Paus. ix. 7. 4 ἐς τὸ ἀσθενέστατον προήχθησαν. —15.

Πλαταιᾶς: (not Πλαταιέας) acc. to analogy of Ἁλιᾶς, i. 105. 1; Δωριᾶς, i. 107. 4; Ἑστιαιᾶς, i. 114. 16. Cf. v. 51. 3.—16.

ἐν ὅσῳ: until. See on c. 28. 8.—17.

πέντε ἄνδρες: one of whom is named by Paus. iii. 9. 1.

προετέθη: cf. γνώμας προτιθέναι, c. 36. 21; i. 139. 18; vi. 14. 3; διαγνώμην προθεῖναι, c. 42. 1.—19.

ἐπικαλεσάμενοι: calling forth. In this sense found only here in Thuc. Cf. Hdt. v. 39. 7.—

τοσοῦτον μόνον: cf. τοσοῦτοι μόνοι, iv. 110. 12.—21.

ἀγαθὸν ῾τἰ εἰργασμένοι: cf. the question of the Romans on the capture of Capua, Liv. xxvi. 33 ecquis Campanorum bene meritus de republica nostra esset. As in the three other passages where this formula is repeated (c. 54. 7; 68. 3 and 11) a second τι is not found, it has been rightly rejected here by Bm., Cl., and St.

οἱ δ᾽ ἔλεγον: the subj. is all the Plataeans, while in l. 25 the subj. is Astymachus and Laco.—22.

αἰτησάμενοι: cf. c. 53. 10.—

μακρότερα εἰπεῖν: instead of simply answering ‘no,’ as they did when asked a second time (c. 68. 12).—

προτάξαντες σφῶν αὐτῶν: having appointed as their advocates.—23.

Αἰειμνήστου: leader of the Platacans at Marathon and Plataea. See Valck. on Hdt. ix. 64. 7, and Siebel on Plut. Aristid. 19. —

ἐπελθόντες: as in i. 72. 15; 90. 29; 91. 16; 119. 9, of appearing before an assembly or magistrate, particularly of foreigners. παριέναι, of coming forward to speak. See on i. 72. 15.— 25.

ἔλεγον: on the tense, see GMT. 57; H. 831. ‘The impf. has only to do with the vision of the narrator.’ Gildersleeve (Am. J. of Ph. iv. p. 160). See on i. 72. 15. Thuc. introduces extended speeches twenty-two times with impf. (i. 72. 15; 119. 10; 139. 25; ii. 10. 11; 34. 25; 71. 6; iii. 36. 28; 41. 4; 52. 25; 60. 6; iv. 84. 9; 91. 13; 94. 12; v. 8. 19; vi. 8. 23; 15. 21; 19. 8; 32. 21; 35. 10; 67. 19; 75. 23; vii. 76. 3), eighteen times with aor. (i. 31. 16; 36. 22; 67. 18; 79. 8; 85. 14; ii. 59. 14; 86. 26; 88. 14; iii. 8. 6; 29. 11; iv. 9. 23; 16. 24; 58. 9; 125. 22; vi. 81. 2; 88. 65; vii. 60. 30; 65. 10). DEFENCE OF THE PLATAEANS. c. 53-59.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.36
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