previous next

The proposed invasion of Attica by the Peloponnesians is prevented by earthquakes. Other remarkable natural phenomena connected therewith.

Ἄγιδος: his father Archidamus, the leader of the three first ἐσβολαί (c. 1. 3; ii. 10. 9; 47. 5), had died prob. not long before. See on c. 26. 7. —4.

σεισμῶν πολλῶν: cf. c. 87. 9.— 5.

ἀπετράποντο πάλιν: turned back, as v. 13. 4 ἀπετράποντο ἐπ̓ οἴκου. Cf. vi. 95. 2.

κατεχόντων: prevailing, abs., as i. 10. 5; 11. 19.—

τῆς Εὐβοίας: position as in c. 19. 6.—7.

ἐν Ὀροβίαις: on the northwest coast of the island, still recognizable in the village Rovias. See Bursian ii. p. 411.—

ἐπανελθοῦσα: with the Schol. against all the Mss., which have ἐπελθοῦσα. Cf. κύματος ἐπαναχώρησις, See App. Arn. gives the sense of the passage correctly: ‘The sea first retired from what was then the line of the coast, and afterwards rising in a heap or head of water it invaded a part of the city.’ For a similar description, see Plin. Epist. vi. 20. 9, and concerning the earthquake at Lisbon, Schaefer, Gesch. v. Portugal v. p. 246.—8.

κυματωθεῖσα: prob. coined by Thuc. and occurring elsewhere only in late writers.—9.

τὸ μὲν κατέκλυσε, τὸ δ᾽ ὑπενόστησε: one part of the tide made a (permanent) inundation, the other receded. ὑπονοστεῖν only here in Thuc., as in Hdt. i. 191. 14; unusual in Attic. —11.

διέφθειρεν: sc. θάλασσα.— τὰ μετέωρα: see on c. 72. 7.

Ἀταλάντην: this had been fortified by the Athenians (ii. 32. 1), ἐρήμη πρότερον οὖσα. See Bursian i. p. 191.—

ἐπὶ Λοκροῖς: as in ii. 32. 3. —13.

παραπλησία γίγνεται ἐπίκλυσις kte(.: on the occurrence, see Lolling, Mitt. Arch. Inst. Athen. i. p. 253 f. The passage is treated inexactly by Sen. Nat. Qu. vi. 24.—14.

τοῦ φρουρίου: part. gen., as in v. 2. 14. G. 1091; H. 736; Kühn. 416, 1, N. 2.— 15.

ἀνειλκυσμένων: drawn up on shore, because not at the moment in use. Cf. vii. 24. 11.—

κατέαξεν: of ships also iv. 11. 20.

Πεπαρήθῳ: northeast of Euboea. See Bursian ii. p. 387.—

κύματος ἐπαναχώρησις: return of a wave. ἐπαναχώρησις, corresponding to ἐπανελθοῦσα above, seems to occur elsewhere only in Diod. Excerpt. 510, 31; the verb is found in i. 131. 5. κῦμα is used in a collective sense. See on κέραμος c. 74. 4.—

ἐπέκλυσε: more definite expression for ἐπῆλθε (8), with τὸ κῦμα as subj.—18.

αἴτιον νομίζω: with inf., without art. as obj., as i. 23. 23 τὴν ἀληθεστάτην πρόφασιν τοὺς Ἀθηναίους ἡγοῦμαι ἀναγκάσαι. —19. τοῦ τοιούτου: i.e. the recoil of the sea followed by an inundation. —

κατὰ τοῦτο: after = ταύτῃ, at this point.—20.

ἀποστέλλειν τε . . . καὶ . . . τὴν ἐπίκλυσιν ποιεῖν: Jowett's explanation is doubtless correct. ‘Thuc. is pointing out the connexion between the earthquake and the inundation. Where the earthquake was most violent, there the inundation was greatest. But the effect was indirect, being immediately caused by the recoil of the sea after the earthquake was over; hence τὴν θάλασσαν, and not, as we might expect, τὸν σεισμόν, is the subj. of ποιεῖν. ἀποστέλλειν, either active or neuter.’ ἀποστέλλειν and ποιεῖν are impf. infs. See App.—21.

βιαιότερον: with the masc. ending of the positive, as δυσεσβολώτατος, c. 101. 9; ἀπορώτερος, v. 110. 2. ἐννομωτέρου παιδιᾶς, Plato Rep. 424 e. Kühn.^{3} 152 N.—

ἄνευ σεισμοῦ: after . . . ἐγένετο (19), = εἰ μὴ σεισμὸς ἐγένετο.—22. ἄν: belongs to ξυμβῆναι. The independent const. would have been ἂν ξυνέβη.—ξυμβῆναι γενέσθαι: the pleonasm as in i. 56. 1; ii. 8. 12; viii. 73. 2.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (7 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (7):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.1
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.101
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.19
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.26
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.72
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.74
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.87
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: