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Having been joined by the Messenians, Cephallenians, and Zacynthians, Demosthenes advances into the interior.

τῶν Μεσσηνίων χάριτι πεισθείς: induced by regard for the Messenians, as vi. 11. 10 without πεισθείς. —2.

τοῖς ἠπειρώταις ξυμμάχοις: with the continental allies. Cf. i. 35. 21 ἠπειρώτιδος τῆς ξυμμαχίας διδομένης, and see on c. 103. 2.—3.

μετὰ τῶν Αἰτωλῶν: in agreement (alliance) with the Aetolians. Cf. c. 66. 7; vi. 86. 8. Dem. thought that the alliance of the Aetolians with Athens would enable him, with an army composed solely of continental allies, to attack Boeotia from the west. With this view, the sent. offers no difficulty, and hence there is no occasion for bracketing, with St., μετὰ τῶν Αἰτωλῶν, the most important words of the whole sent.— 4.

ἐλθεῖν ἐπὶ Βοιωτούς: Demosthenes here first conceives the plan of attacking in the rear the most hated enemy of Athens, Boeotia. This plan is not now executed, owing to the failure of the attempt to subdue the Aetolians (c. 95. § 2-98), but is revived in another form in the eighth year of the war (iv. 76 f.), though without success (iv. 89). The goal (Boeotia) being named, the proposed route, through Locris, Doris, and along the northern slopes of Parnassus, is given in detail (though not accomplished), without doubt in order that the excellence of Demosthenes's plan might be recognized.—

διὰ Λοκρῶν τῶν Ὀζολῶν: these Locrians were at that time allies of Athens. Cf. l. 17; 97. 7; 101. 2. See on ii. 9. 8.—5.

Κυτίνιον: at the northern outlet of the pass leading from the plain of Amphissa in Locris into the valley of the river Pindus. See Bursian i. p. 155; Lolling, Mitt. d. arch. Inst. in Athen ix. p. 313 ff.—6.

ἕως καταβαίη: donec descenderet. For the opt., see GMT. 613, 4; H. 921 b.—

κατὰ τὴν φιλίαν: the Phocians, though mentioned among the Lacedaemonian allies, ii. 9. 8, seem to have continued to favour the Athenians.— 7.

αἰεί ποτε: expresses forcibly the continual existence of a state of things, esp. of a friendly or hostile relation. See on i. 13. 16; ii. 102. 10. —

ξυστρατεύειν κἂν βίᾳ προσαχθῆναι: the pres. of a relation confidently looked forward to as enduring, as l. 20, ὠφελία ἐδόκουν εἶναι, the aor. with ἄν of a case possible, but hardly to be expected. So Cl. and Steup explain, but it would seem better to write, with St., ξυστρατεύσειν. See Qu. Gr.^{2} p. 11.—8.

ἤδη: local, as in ii. 96. 17; viii. 101. 15; Eur. Hipp. 1200 πρὸς πόντον ἤδη κειμένη Σαρωνικόν. Kühn. 499, 2.—9.

οὖν: resumes the narrative after the explanation and parenthesis. Cf. vi. 64. 13; vii. 6. 7; 42. 24.—10.

Σόλλιον: cf. ii. 30. 2. See Bursian i. p. 115.

οὐ προσεδέξαντο: did not approve. Cf. c. 15. 2; ii. 70. 10.—12.

τὴν οὐ περιτείχισιν: see on c. 94. 12. For the adv. qualifying the subst., see G. 952, 1; H. 600; Kühn. 461, 6; Kr. Spr. 50, 8, 4. Cf. i. 137. 29; v. 35. 6; 50. 17; vii. 34. 26; 44. 42. —14.

τριακοσίοις τοῖς ἐπιβάταις: on thirty triremes (c. 94. 3), as iv. 76. 2; 101. 13 there are 400 on forty. ‘In the Peloponnesian war only ten heavy-armed epibatae used to be put on board of a trireme.’ Boeckh, P. E. p. 384. See on i. 49. 4.—15.

τῶν Κερκυραίων: cf. c. 94. 8.

Οἰνεῶνος: northeast of Naupactus, on or near the coast. Steph. Byz. Οἰνεών, Λοκρίδος λιμήν. Cf. c. 98. 17; 102. 4. See Bursian i. p. 148.— 17.

ξύμμαχοι: cf. l. 3; ii. 9. 8.— 18.

ἔδει αὐτοὺς kte(.: i.e. acc. to agreement. Cf. c. 2. 7; ii. 5. 1; 92. 24; 95. 16; vi. 56. 11.—19.

ὅμοροι καὶ ὁμόσκευοι: connected as in ii. 96. 7. —21.

μάχης: manner of fighting, as in iv. 34. 15.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.103
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.15
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.2
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.66
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.94
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.95
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.98
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