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Ἔρεσος τῆς Λέσβου should be joined. τῆς Λέσβου ἀφειστήκει (‘from the rest of Lesbos’), though not impossible, is not probable: the revolt is from the Athenians.

οὐχ οἱ ἀδυνατώτατοι litotes; ‘some of the most important.’

προσεταιριστοὺς = in societatem adscitos. προσεταιρίζομαι is found in middle and passive sense. The political notion of ἑταιρεία (cf. τοῦ ἑταιρικοῦ, c. 48, § 3; τοὺς ἑταίρους, c. 92, § 4) lies under the word here.

ξύμπασιν circumstantial, and to be joined with προσέβαλον.

κατὰ τὸ ξυγγενὲς See note on ξυμπρασσόντων τῶν Βοιωτῶν, c. 5, § 2. In iii. 2 the Boeotians are stated to be ξυγγενεῖς of the Mytilenians (as Αἰολῆς, according to the scholiast).

προελθόντας i.e. who left Mytilene in time to anticipate them.

αὖθις = deinde: c. 14, § 2, etc.

ἔξω They were first defeated in an attempt at capturing the city, and then in a pitched battle in the open.

διὰ τοῦ ὄρους Ordymnos rather than Lepetymnos (see Kiepert's Atlas von Hellas).

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