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ὑπερσχόντες. The frame of the sentence is ἐπειγομένων . . . κατὰ μὲν τὸ δεξιὸν . . . ἀποκλῇσαι . . . κατὰ δὲ τὸ μέσον ἐξῶσαι κ.τ.λ. As if ἐβούλοντο had been written instead of the genitive absolute, the nominative ὑπερσχόντες appears. Thus ἐβούλοντο ἀποκλῇσαι αὐτοὺς ὑπερσχόντες (= τῷ ὑπερσχεῖν) is regular (cf. v. 50). For this βουλομένων (in the shape ἐπειγομένων . . . ὑπερσχόντες is substituted. The passage v. 41 quoted by Arnold is not analogous.

ἀντεπεξῆγον ‘extended their line in that direction to prevent them.’ Cf. c. 105, § 3, παυσάμενοι τῆς ἐπεξαγωγῆς τοῦ κέρως.

περίεγιγνοντο τῷ πλῷ i.e. got before them.

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