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κατεστήσατο ἐς φυλακήν. Herwerden and Stahl omit ἐς, and compare c. 62, § 3, Σηστὸν καθίστατο φρούριον καὶ φυλακὴν τοῦ παντὸς Ἑλλησπόντου. But for what reason is Iasus a suitable φυλακὴ in the sense in which Sestos is so on the Hellespont? And could the important genitive corresponding to Ἑλλησπόντου be dispensed with? The natural sense is similar to that of c. 1, § 3, ἐς ἀσφάλειαν ποεῖσθαι; Isoc. 107 (123), εἰς ἀσφάλειαν καθιστάναι. The middle is sufficiently defended either by the self-interest of the action, or by the meaning ‘he got it (or ‘had it’) put under garrison.’ ὥσπερ ὑπέστη c. 5, § 5, ὑπισχνεῖτο τροφὴν παρέξειν (the rate is not specified). ἐς δραχμὴν ‘to the amount of.’ So frequently with numerals. The preposition has its force. Tissaphernes pays maintenance per ship and not per man (πάσαις ταῖς ναυσὶ διέδωκεν), and this amounts to (ἐς), and is intended at the rate of, a drachma each man. A Greek ship's complement is 200 men (seeXen. Hell. i. 5, 5, τριάκοντα μνᾶς ἑκάστῃ νηὶ τοῦ μηνὸς διδόναι, which is stated after wards to be a τριώβολον per day per head; and cf. iii. 17, where a drachma per day is the pay of each one of the crew, with vi. 8, where sixty talents are a month's pay for sixty ships). Ἀττικὴν as distinguished from the Aeginetan (Αἰγιναία, v. 47), which was worth about half as much again. It is not stated, but implied, that the pay is daily pay. Cf. the passages quoted in the last note. τοῦ δὲ λοιποῦ κ.τ.λ. We learn later (c. 45, § 2) that Alcibiades instigated him to this course. The present place proves that the (partitive) genitive is not (as opposed to τὸν λοιπὸν) confined to negative sentences: ‘When he paid them in the future.’
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