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αὐτοῖς, sc. τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις. Ethic. Cf. vii. 19, etc.

ἐπεὶ δὲ μὴ ἀντανάγοιεν. μὴ as in ii. 15, ὁπότε μή τι δείσειαν, and inf. c. 53, § 3, ὁπότε δὲ μὴ φαῖεν, the frequentative optative (general condition) representing a set of hypothetical circumstances. ‘And whenever they refused to come out against them,’ implying that they always did so refuse. Of ἀντανάγειν (though not of ἀνάγεσθαι) Thucyd. uses either the middle (i. 117, iv. 13) or the active (as here) in this sense.

ἀναχωροῦντες Gender ad sensum, and iterative imperfect tense: for ἀνεχώρουν καὶ ἡσύχαζον.

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