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τότε viz. c. 21. On this use of τότε see c. 20, § 1. ὄντες δῆμος Jowett says ‘the popular party,’ and P-S ‘qui plebeii, ex plebe erant.’ But why not the more obvious sense ‘who were (since that time) a democracy’? καὶ ὄντες δῆμος expresses the consequence of ἐπαναστάντες. In the meaning sought by J. and P-S, Thucydides would rather have written e.g. οἱ ἐκ τοῦ δήμου τότε ἐπαναστάντες. ὅτ᾽ ἦλθε c. 63, § 3. ἐγένοντο ἐς τριακοσίους ξυνωμόται ‘became conspirators to (about) the number of 300’ Cf. c. 21, ἐς διακοσίους τινάς. In § 6 they are called οἱ τριακόσιοι simply. ὄντι by attraction for οὖσι.
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