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τῷ τοιούτῳ εἴδει either (1) πολιτείας, cf. iii. 62, καίτοι σκέψασθε ἐν οἴῳ εἴδει ἑκάτεροι ἡμῶν τοῦτο ἔπραξαν and context; or (2) in a wider sense of εἶδος, ‘such a course,’ cf. c. 56, § 2, τρέπεται ἐπὶ τοιόνδε εἶδος and note. The scholiast explains by καταστάσει. The sense of τοιούτῳ is to be gathered from the latter part of the preceding chapter. καὶ προεστῶτες i.e. who had most influence among that faction. ὃς καὶ . . . διηνέχθη viz. cc. 48-51. ποτὲ cannot, of course, be sound with τότε. Editors therefore for the most part bracket ποτὲ (which is omitted by several MSS.) They do not, however, notice a greater difficulty in the tense of στρατηγήσας. The aorist should refer to an action past with reference to the time of the leading verb, i.e. the time indicated in στρατηγήσας should be previous to that intended in διηνέχθη. The present instance belongs to no class of exceptions. Greek would require either ὁ καὶ στρατηγήσας ἐν τῇ Σ. ποτὲ καὶ τῷ Ἀλ. (τότε) διενεχθείς, or ὃς καὶ στρατηγῶν . . . ποτὲ . . . διηνέχθη. The words στρατηγήσας . . . ποτὲ are probably an interpolation, in explanation of the brief Thucydidean ὃς καὶ τῷ Ἀλκιβιάδῃ τότε διηνέχθη. See also crit. note. ὃς καὶ=‘the same who . . .’ Ἀρίσταρχος Xen. (Hell. i. 7, 28), writing of B.C. 406, shows that, before that date, A. had been brought to trial for his share in these proceedings, and for the treachery mentioned inf. c. 98, § 1. ἐν τοῖς μάλιστα κ.τ.λ. v. c. 89, § 2, on ἐν τοῖς πρώτοις. The order is ἐναντίος ἐν τοῖς μάλιστα καὶ ἐκ πλείστου, the words ἐν τοῖς belonging to both superlatives. Πείσανδρος see cc. 49, 53. Ἀντιφῶν see c. 68, § 1. οἱ δυνατώτατοι Cf cc. 21 and 47, § 2, for the sense ‘most aristocratic,’ and c. 63, § 3, for the sense ‘most influential.’ πρότερόν τε )( πολλῷ τε μᾶλλον . . . καὶ ἐπειδὴ is merely connective to ἐπεὶ. πρέσβεις τε . . . καὶ . . . ἐποιοῦντο belongs to the first part of the proceedings. σφῶν with ἀπέστη. πρέσβεις ἀπέστελλον see c. 71, § 3; c. 86, § 9. τὴν ὁμολογίαν which they had been pressing for (c. 71, § 3). For the accus. with προὐθυμοῦντο cf. c. 1, § 1. τὸ ἐν τῇ Ἠετιωνείᾳ The article is anticipatory. Cf. τὸ νησίδιον, c. 11, § 1. τοὺς πολλοὺς ‘people generally,’ outside the 400, as the following καὶ σφῶν shows.
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