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ἑπτακαιδεκάτῃ—the same form occurs vii. 28; elsewhere πέμπτος καὶ δέκατος (11. 2), etc.

πολὺς ἀριθμός—possibly including stragglers who were cut off by the cavalry, cf. ch. 94, 10. We learn from Plato that Socrates fought among the hoplites at Delium, and preserved his life by his steadiness in the retreat. Alcibiades also was with the cavalry. The defeat of the Athenians was great and decisive, and the material and moral loss seems to have crippled the power of the city.

τότε—ch. 89, 8, Δημοσθένης...ἄπρακτος γίγνεται.

τετρακοσίους ὁπλίτας—Arnold considers that these were the marines of the forty ships under Demosthenes (ch. 76, 2): cf. note on ch. 9, 13.

ἀπέθανε...Σιτἀλκης—the most obvious meaning is that Sitalces was slain in the expedition. There is however an intimation in a letter of Philip that he fell by the hand of an assassin. This may have taken place when he returned after his defeat. The dominions and power of Sitalces are described at length in ii. 95—101.

τοῖς ἐπὶ Δηλίῳ—neut.: we have the same construction ch. 129, 6. Τριβαλλούς—mentioned in ii. 96, as an independent nation, on the north-west of the Odrysian Thracians.

Σεύθης—we learn from ii. 101 that Seuthes married the daughter of Perdiccas king of Macedonia. ἐβασίλευσεν— ‘became king’: i. 14, Περσῶν ἐβασίλευσε.

ἧσπερ καίi. 14, αἷσπερ καὶ ἐναυμάχησαν: i. 74, ὤσπερ καὶ ἄλλοι.

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hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.14
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.74
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.101
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.95
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.96
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.28
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