ὁ ἀεὶ ἐντὸς γιγνόμενος
—as each got in: iii. 77
, τὰς ἀεὶ πληρουμένας
, sent out their ships as fast as they could man them.
τὸ μὲν πρῶτον
—this finds its corresponding clause in ἄμα δ᾽ ἔῳ
, line 16, or perhaps in οἱ δ᾽ ὡς
, line 13. The latter however seems rather to belong to the loosely-worded parenthetical sentences which describe the general panic.
—‘held out, made a stand’: vi. 22
, ὄπως πρὸς τὸ ἱππικὸν ἀντέχωσι
: ii. 49
, with dat., of the body holding out against disease: i. 65
, abs. of supplies holding out. ὀλίγοι
— partial apposition: ch. 6, 4: 62, 17.
ἐς φυγὴν κατέστησαν
—so ch. 100, 22, and often. προσπεπτωκότων καὶ νομίσαντες
—two different constructions giving the reasons of the panic; the second clause having a subordinate parenthesis τῶν προδιδόντων ἀντιμαχομένων. σφᾶς
— the Peloponnesians, gov. by προδεδωκέναι
—see note on ξύμπτωμα
, ch. 36, 16: Hdt. viii. 15
, συνέπιπτε δὲ ὤστε γίγνεσθαι
, of two coincident events. ἀφ᾽ ἑαυτοῦ γνώμης
—‘of his own idea’, an unusual expression, of which Poppo cites instances from Dio. Cass.: in iii. 92
we have ἀπὸ τοιᾶσδε γνώμης
, ‘with this idea’: cf. Dem. de Cor. 281, ἀπὸ τῆς έμαυτοῦ γνώμης
, ‘from my own judgment’.
θησόμενον τὰ ὅπλα
—to be taken with ἰέναι
, the inf. depending on κηρῦξαι
: so ch. 105, 12: cf. ii. 2
, ἀνεῖπεν ὀ κήρυξ, εἴ τις βούλεται ξυμμαχεῖν, τίθεσθαι παρ᾽ αὑτοὺς τὰ ὄπλα
. The phrase of course is not to be taken literally, but simply means ‘to join the Athenians’; see note on ch. 44, 6.
—pers. ‘that they were attacked’: so i. 37
, αὑτοὶ οὑκ εἰκότως πολεμοῦνται
: or perhaps impers. like ch. 23, 12, τὰ περὶ Πύλον ἐπολεμεῖτο
οἱ πρὸς ..πράξαντες
—‘those who had conducted the intrigue with the Athenians’: i. 131
, πράσσων πρὸς τοὺς βαρβάρους
. Instead of ἄλλοι
Krüger and Classen read ἄλλο
in agreement with πλῆθος
. The main body of the democratical party is denoted, the arrangement having been made by their προστάται
—see note on ch. 23, 4: for inf. cf. viii. 52
, ξυγκεῖσθαι κρατεῖν βασιλέα
—‘distinguished from the others’, διά
denoting disjunction, as in διαλύω, διαγιγνώσκω
—so i. 6
, λίπα ἠλείψαντο. λίπα
is regarded as either (1) a dat. (=λίπαι
) from an old noun λίπα
, or (2) an adv. or cogn. accus. from a supposed nom. λίψ
. See Lidd. and Scott, and notes on Hom. Il. x. 577
, ἀλειψαμένω λίπ᾽ ἐλαίῳ
: Od. iii. 466
, ἔχρισεν λίπ᾽ ἐλαίῳ
. It only occurs once in Homer without ἐλαίῳ
, Od. vi. 227
is constructed in accordance with the sense as if ‘they agreed’ had preceded. ἀδικῶνται
—harmed by their friends (the Athenians): the word implies unfair or wrongful injury.
—‘they could open the gates with more safety’, because the main Athenian army was now at hand. Classen suspects that this sentence, as far as παρῆσαν
, is out of place, and ought to follow ἐπεξιέναι ἐς μάχην
, line 20. It certainly seems clear that by τοὺς Ἀθηναίους
(line 21) is denoted the force which came from Eleusis, and not the troops in possession of the long walls.
—the def. article is explained by κατὰ τὸ ξυγκείμενον
, though the arrangement has not been mentioned before. οἱ τὴν νύκτα πορευόμενοι
—‘those troops, that is, which were marching (or were to march) during the night’, as opposed to those already in ambush at Megara. If the def. article be retained it is used to give a further definition, as in ch. 1, 19, ἄλλαι αἱ πληρούμεναι
. Most editors however reject οἱ
, which is absent from several manuscripts, and may have got into the text from the last syllable of ἑξακόσιοι
—cf. note on ch. 33, 13. Here the demonstrative form seems required by the sense.
—a common usage in threats and warnings: cf. ch. 13, 21, ἢν ἐσπλέῃ τις
: iii. 2
, εἰ μή τις προκαταλήψεται. αὐτοῦ...ἔσεσθαι
—sc. they threatened to fight it out on the spot.
—‘insisted’: ch. 23, 6.