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RISD 25.077

FRAGMENTS OF A KYLIX


Lent by the Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design; museum appropriation and special gift (Mrs. Gustav Radeke) (25.077)


Approximate diameter: 11 3/4 in. (29.8 cm.)


Interior: satyr and maenad. Only the feet and tail of the satyr remain. Inscribed at the right, Ο [Π]ΑΙΣ (the boy) and at the left, ΚΑΛΟ[Σ] (beautiful). The tondo is framed by two reserved lines.

Side A: satyrs and maenads. At the left a maenad in chiton, himation, and sakkos brandishes her thyrsos, her head turned backwards. In front of her a satyr with a wineskin and drinking horn moves to the right. Between the two is inscribed ΚΑΛΟΣ (beautiful). In the center was the figure of Dionysos. Only the right arm, holding a drinking horn, and the right foot remain. Behind are sprays of vine. The figure after the gap to the right is missing except for one hand holding a drinking horn. At the far right is a satyr dancing towards the left, his back turned outwards as he circles around.

Side B: at the left an ithyphallic satyr follows a maenad who turns to attack him. She is dressed in chiton, himation, and sakkos and carries a thyrsos. In the center is a satyr with a leopard skin cape on his shoulders and a drinking horn in one hand. At the right is another maenad with chiton and leopard skin cape, followed by a satyr. To the left of the central satyr is inscribed ΠΑΙΣ ΚΑΛΟΣ (boy is beautiful) and to the right, ΚΑΛΟΣ (beautiful).

Dilute glaze: one maenad's hair, folds of the chitons.

Red: inscriptions, ivy wreaths, vine sprays.


Attributed to Epiktetos [Beazley] ca. 520 - 500 B. C.

The name of Epiktetos is known from forty signed vases. On a plate in Athens (Athens, Acr. 6; ARV2, 78, no. 102) he signs with both ΕΠΟΙΕΣΕΝ (made it) and ΕΓΡΑΦΣΕΝ (painted it), so we know he was both potter and painter. One can compare this kylix with one by Oltos (see Mount Holyoke 1967.BS.II.11) which is slightly earlier. The figures drawn by Epiktetos are more elegant and move with a lighter grace. This cup must belong in his early period.


Bibliography

Banks 1928, 50; S. B. Luce, "Two Kylikes in Providence," AJA 32 (1928) 442-444; S. B. Luce, "What Can Be Learned from Greek Vases," BullRhode 16 (1928) 46; Kraiger 1929, 198, no. 55; C. Dugas, "Céramique. Peinture. Mosaique." Revue des Etudes grecques 43 (1930) 123; CVA, USA 2, pp. 23-24, pl. 14; ARV2, 73, no. 34.

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