RISD 35.013BLACK-FIGURE SIANA CUP
Lent by the Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design (1935.013)
Height: 5 1/16 in. (12.9 cm.); Diameter: 10 7/8 in. (27.6 cm.)
Broken and repaired; worn especially on side B. At one handle evidence of ancient repair; a small piece of bronze rivet remains.
Interior: lion. His head is turned back with mouth opened as if roaring. A border of framed tongues alternating red and black circles the tondo. Exterior, side A: departure of a warrior. A youth dressed in chitoniskos and holding a javelin rides a horse moving to the right. In front, a gesticulating nude youth and a youth wrapped in a mantle; behind, a gesticulating nude youth and a youth wrapped in a mantle and holding a javelin. At the handles, two sphinxes. Behind the rider, a bird. Side B: the same. However, the nude youth behind the rider carries a javelin, and neither of the draped figures is armed. Below the scene, a reserved line; at the handles, inverted lotus buds; at the base, rays. Red: the lion's mane, fillets and parts of the wings of the sphinxes, parts of the drapery, hair of three youths. White: parts of the drapery, chiton of central rider, sphinxes' flesh, horses' manes and tails (much worn).
Unattributed ca. 550 - 540 B. C. Siana cups, so named because two well-known examples were found at Siana on Rhodes, are the dominant type of kylix in the second quarter of the sixth century. The shape is a continuation of the Komast cup (Yale 1913.102), but the foot and lip are longer. Unlike the Komast cup, the inside of the Siana cup is also decorated, beginning the long tradition of tondo pictures. The decoration on this cup is of the overlap type with the scene extending into the offset lip. J. Frel suggested a comparison with a Siana cup in Prague (Prague 18,52 K 1241; ABV, 682) by the Civico Painter which shows a similar scene.