E. Vermeule Collection (Buitron No. 49)FRAGMENTS OF A KYLIX
Lent by Emily Dickinson Blake Vermeule
a. Height: 3 3/8 in. (8.5 cm.); length: 8 1/4 in. (21 cm.)
b. Height:1 9/16 in. (4 cm.); length: 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm.)
c. Height:1 3/4 in. (4.5 cm.); length: 4 3/8 in. (11 cm.)
d. Height:7/8 in. (2.3 cm.); length: 2 in. (5 cm.)
Interior (not shown): two feet to right and the tail of a satyr preserved, meander border. Fragments a and b from side A show Herakles and Alkyoneus. Herakles, wearing lion skin and scabbard, approaches the giant Alkyoneus. He holds his sword in one hand (the tip of the scabbard visible behind) and a bow and two arrows in the other hand. Alkyoneus is asleep, his face frontal, one leg bent, his right arm behind his head, and his huge club beside him. Hypnos, Sleep, a tiny winged youth, crouches on his chest. Inscribed behind, ΛΕΑΓΡΟΣ Κ (Leagros is [beautiful]). Fragment b preserves the top of Alkyoneus' head, his hand, and the upper part of the club, as well as handle AB. Fragments c and d from side B depict Herakles and Antaios (?). Fragment c preserves the torso, part of the beard and face of Herakles and the beard and hand of Antaios. Fragment d preserves the lower leg and heel of Herakles.
Unattributed ca. 500 - 480 B. C. The battle of Herakles and Alkyoneus took place during the war of the gods and giants. Since no giant could perish at the hands of the gods, a mortal, Herakles, was enlisted to help. With the help of Hypnos, Herakles slew the giant Alkyoneus. The myth is depicted on twenty-five known vases. In the earliest versions Hypnos was not shown, but by ca. 510 B. C. he has appeared in the scene and is especially popular on red-figure vases (B. Andreae, "Herakles und Alkyoneus," JdI 71  130 ff). The vase has been related to the Proto-Panaitian Group (D. von Bothmer). It will be published by Penelope Truitt.