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Harvard 1925.30.129

RED-FIGURE KYLIX (TYPE B)


Lent by the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University; bequest of J. C. Hoppin (1925.30.129)


Height: 4 1/4 in. (10.7 cm.); Diameter: 11 5/8 in. (29.4 cm.)


Broken and repaired; missing piece of foot had been replaced with a foreign piece, now removed. From Capua.


Interior: satyr and maenad. A maenad with thyrsos in one hand walks to the right looking back at a satyr who grasps her wrist and shoulder. She wears an Ionic chiton, black-bordered himation, and a sakkos on her head. The satyr is nude except for a fillet in his hair. Behind the satyr are a rock and a drinking horn. Between the rock and satyr is an inscription [επιγ-ρουγη]Ε ΠΑΙΣ ΚΑΛΕ (the girl is beautiful). The tondo is framed by opposed meanders interrupted with saltires.

Side A: Dionysos, satyrs, and maenads. The bearded god holds an ivy branch in one hand and, presumably, a drinking cup in the other. A satyr advancing from the left lifts his oinochoe to fill the cup. Behind him is a maenad (missing head and part of body). On the right a satyr with face frontal and a maenad with thyrsos.

Side B: satyrs and maenads. In the center a satyr threatens a maenad who walks away from him. At the left a maenad repulses a satyr, and on the right stands a third maenad (missing face). At the handles, palmettes and volutes.

Dilute glaze: anatomical details of satyr.

Red: fillets of satyrs and maenads.


Attributed to Douris [Hoppin] ca. 480 B. C.

The meander-saltire border of the tondo and the handle palmettes are characteristic Dourian types and help place this kylix in the middle period of his oeuvre. Close to this is a kylix in Boston (Boston 00.499; ARV2, 435, no. 89) inscribed ``Hippodamas is beautiful," the kalos name popular with Douris during this period. The same border is used, and a remarkably similar composition is on the outside: quintets of revelling satyrs and maenads. Python was the potter of this vase (D. von Bothmer).


Bibliography

Hoppin, AJA 6 (1902) 24, no. 1; Beazley 1918, 99; Hoppin 1918, 1, p. 280, no. 59; Caskey 1922, 203, fig. 156; Walston 1924, 242, fig. 14, 1 and 2; CVA, USA 1, p. 7, pls. 9, 10; Beazley, Review CVA USA 1, by Hoppin, JHS 47 (1927) 148; D. C. Rich, Review CVA USA 1 by Hoppin, AJA 33 (1929) 338; ARV2, 436, no. 112; Wegner 1968, 149, 154 ff, 246.

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