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Milwaukee N 11606/18932

Corinthian Alabastron The Painter of Stockholm 1654 Scale Pattern Group Middle Corinthian, c. 590 B.C.

Lent by the Milwaukee Public Museum; gift of the Friends of the Milwaukee Public Museum (N11606/18932).

The Vase: H. 23 cm. Complete; mended from four large fragments; small repairs on the body of vase, a third of the mouth restored; fired burnt red-brown; buff clay.

Decoration: Animal frieze: Three bands, two of animals separated by one with scale designs. The uppermost band consists of two panthers facing a central Siren (r.) and the bottom frieze has two panthers facing a stag (r.) with an additional panther (r.). The scales around the middle of the vase are large and compassdrawn; each is doubly incised, and decorated alternately with diagonal rows of small white and large red dots. Various encircling lines, tongues at base of neck, series of dots on edge of mouth, small depression underneath vase.

This vase belongs to a large and fairly hospitable Group, one main feature of which is its use of bands of scale pattern, and of "incised verticals" in combination with animal friezes. The shapes are mainly alabastra and round and flat-bottomed aryballoi. As Payne observed (Payne 1931, 63), the Group "derives directly from the early period," but its origins can be traced as far back as the Transitional (see his remarks [p. 286] on nos. 169-170 as antecedent to the style of nos. 457-458, which are now believed to be early works of the Scale Painter).

The two leading artists of the Group are the Scale Painter and the Hermitage Painter. The Milwaukee alabastron was decorated by one of the less prolific artists of the Group, thus far known from only two pieces, this one and the name-vase, Stockholm 1654. However, the quality is very good, and further attributions may in time be expected.

The Group remains active throughout the Middle Corinthian period, and apparently into Late Corinthian I, but the later works tend to be perfunctory or nondescript.


Bibliography

Münzen, vol. 26 (October 5, 1963) 33 and pl. 21, no. 67; Amyx 1988, 153, no. A-2, pl. 58: 3a-c.

D. A. Amyx The University of California, Berkeley

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