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Columbia 72.22

Attic Black-Figure Hydria Fragment Near Lydos and the Painter of Louvre F 6 ca. 550-540 B.C.

Lent by the Museum of Art and Archaeology, University of Missouri-Columbia (72.22).

The Vase: H. 15.1 cm. Fragment preserving front panel, shoulder above and small section of the neck. Broken and mended, with minor restoration in plaster. Reddish-buff clay. From a hydria with a bulbous body and sloping shoulder not set off from the body. On body and neck, black-glaze fired brown in places.

Decoration: Panel: In the center a warrior striding to right, spear in right hand, shield in left, armed with sword, greaves and helmet. He wears a short chiton and over it an animal skin. On his left is a bearded man wearing a long chiton and cloak, and holding a spear, upright, in his left hand. On the right of the warrior is a woman, facing left, dressed in peplos and himation. The panel bordered below by a ground line, on the left and right by a double row of ivy leaves, alternately red and black, set between two thin black lines; thin black glaze line at the junction of the shoulder and body. Added red: for fillet and cloak of man on left, for greaves, helmet (excluding crest), shield (excluding rim) and tassels of warrior's shield, and for central dot of rosettes on his chiton and on woman's cloak. Added white (now faded): for arms and face of woman, and outer dots of rosettes on her cloak and on warrior's chiton. Possibly patches of white on warrior's animal skin. Shoulder: lion on left with head turned back to the left; in the center, a Siren with face partly missing; on the right, four feet of another animal, perhaps also a lion. Added red: lion's mane and Siren's wing. Siren's face was once white but now is completely faded. Above, a frieze of tongues, alternately black and red. Inscriptions (infra).

Beneath the hoplite is an inscription which translates "defender of the gates," if it can be reconstructed ΑΙΝΙΠΥΛ<ΟΡ>ΟΣ, "Ainipyl(or)os". However, the form of the lambda is rare in Attic script (Jeffery 1961, 66). If it is taken, instead, as a gamma, one might translate the inscription, old "dread bottom." Another inscription seems to spill from the woman's mouth, ΔΟΡΟΙ (the vocative of ΔΟΡΟ) and this seems to be the woman's name, meaning "giver" or "gift." The scene appears to be one of a warrior leaving home for battle. Hydriai of this date characteristically have the panel heavily outlined, often with ivy leaves at the sides, framed on the shoulder by an animal frieze (compare Omaha 1953.255). The rounded body and sloping shoulders are appropriate to the date; later, in the next decade, the hydria will have a shoulder increasingly more sharply set off from the body. The round shoulder may show something of earlier Corinthian prototypes for the shape (Diehl 1964, 58); the woman retains aspects of the Corinthian "penguin" women, and the animals on the shoulder were inherited from Corinth as well. Dr. Karl Deppert has attributed this fragment to the painter of a black-figure hydria in the Collection Ludwig, Aachen (Ars Antigua Auktion V,, pl. 26, no. 116 and Para., 53).

(unpublished); mentioned by P.J. Connor, "Replicas in Greek Vase Painting: The Work of the Painter of Louvre F 6," BABesch 56 (1981) 37-44


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