Attic Black-Figure Neck-Amphora
The Michigan Painter
ca. 525-500 B.C.
Lent by the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, The University of Michigan
(2599). From Bolsena. Ex Marburg collection.1
h. c. 16.0 cm; d. of
mouth 7.0 to 7.6 cm; d. of rim 8.3 to 8.8 cm; d. of foot 6.2 cm. The foot was
broken from the body and repaired. Part of the lip is modern. The vase was badly
fired and is much worn. The rim is misshaped over the reverse side. There are
indentations on both sides of the body: on the obverse just left of center
(where there is an unglazed circular red spot), and at lower right of center on
the reverse. The vase has an echinus rim with an inset inner edge, the neck
articulated by a groove at join with rim and a fillet at join with body, double
handles, an ovoid body joined to a broad and shallow disk foot by a narrow band
bordered with tooled grooves above and below. The inside of the mouth and neck
are black, the inside of the body reserved. The upper surface and edge of the
rim are reserved, the side of the rim is black, the handles are black, the foot
is black except for a narrow reserved band left at the lower edge. The underside
of the foot is reserved. There are red lines painted around the upper edge of
the lip, the fillet at join of neck and body, the band at join of body and foot,
the lower edge of the foot.
On each side of the
neck are three palmettes, the central one pendent, the outer ones upright.
Around the shoulder, below its join with the neck, is a band of "tongues." Below
the pictures, encircling the vase, is a double row of disjoint dots bordered
above and below by two black lines. Rays surround the base. At each handle-zone
is a lotus bud pendent from four contiguous tendrils which grow out on each side
in lyre formation to border the handle-root and the pendent lotus, terminating
each in two spirals, from which spring palmettes, pendent above, upright below.
Two small lotus buds spring right and left from the contact points of the
tendrils just below the handles; the space between the contact points is dotted.
A draped woman dances right
between a man at left and a boy at right, both naked. The woman wears a sakkos.
Two draped women dancing. Both
wear sakkoi. Added red:
On Side A, band on
woman's sakkos, pleats of drapery on upper body, left arm and hand; face of
woman and hair of boy may once have been painted. On Side B, bands around
sakkoi, traces of paint on pleats of upper drapery and right hand of first
woman. Added white:
traces on himatia of women
on both sides.
This small amphora, the name-piece of the painter, belongs to the
Dot-band Class, named for the decorative border around the vase below the
pictures. One other vase by the Michigan Painter belongs to the class, as do
vases by the Edinburgh Painter, painters of the Leagros Group, painters of the
Group of Brussels R 312, and painters of the Bompas Group. The painter himself
belongs to the Perizoma Group, named for the large loincloths which drape their
male figures. They seem to have specialized in painting stamnoi, a shape which
had recently been introduced into the potter's repertoire. (Boardman 1974, 112, 211; fig. 219
There is a small neck-amphora by the Michigan Painter at The Art
Institute of Chicago (Chicago 1889.98
: Para., 157, no. 95
) with Dionysos and
satyrs on the obverse and satyrs and maenad on the reverse; the Chicago vase is
cited earlier (ABV, 483, no. 2
the Group of Brussels R 312, the Dot Band Class.
ABV, 344, no. 9, and 483
; CVA, USA 3, Michigan I, pl. 14,
3, and p. 30