8. ingenuorum, free-born. Freedmen, libertini, were always regarded as inferior in rank, if not in civil and political rights. Even these, however, are shown in the next chapter to be interested in the safety of the republic. sua vktute: manumission was very commonly bestowed as the reward of some peculiar merit in the slave. hic nati, i.e. citizens, as contrasted with the manumitted slaves (who were for the most part of foreign birth). qui modo . . . sit: § 535, d (320, d); H.-B. 579, N.2. condicione: § 415, N. (251, N.); Cf. B. 224, I; G. 400; H. 473, 2, N.1 (419, 2 4); H.-B. 443. voluntatis: partitive gen. with quantum, as if tantum voluntatis quantum, etc.
circum tabernas, i.e. among the artisans. The Roman shops were like little stalls along the street, open in front, with a "long room," or perhaps two, at the back. cubile ac lectulum: both words mean nearly the same thing, and imply a very humble way of living. otiosum, peaceable; so oti (1.6). quorum relates to eorum, three lines above. incensis, Sc. tabernis. futurum fuit fuisset; § 517, d (308, d); G. 597, R3 H. 582 (51 I, 2); H-B. 581, a; the protasis is implied in incensis.
populi Romani, as contrasted with the Senate: cf. the formula Senatus Populusque Romanus.