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vitam ac spiritum: ports of entry are the breath if life to a city which, like Rome, must import its daily supplies of food.

potestatem: acc., because it is implied that they fell into their power.

praetore: who he was is not known.

liberos (a rhetorical use of the plural for the singular): this was a daughter of the distinguished orator Marcus Antonius, who had celebrated a triumph for a victory over the pirates, B.C. 102.

classis ea, a fleet (not that fleet); followed by a subj. of characteristic (praepositus esset).

consul: who he was is not known.

Oceani ostium, the Strait of Gibraltar.

audiatis: for tense. see ยง 485, c (287, c); B. 268,7; G. 513; H. 550 (495, vi); cf. H.-B. 478.


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  • Commentary references from this page (1):
    • A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge, G. L. Kittredge, J. B. Greenough, Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar, 485
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