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at enim: see first note on sect. 51.

exempla, precedents; instituta, established customs.

non dicam, etc.: an excellent specimen of the rhetorical device known as praeteritio (cf. note on p. 88, l. 13, above).

paruisse, adcommodasse, i.e. they disregarded precedents in great emergencies.

temporum depends on casus, consiliorum on rationes (chiastic order).

ab uno imperatore: Scipio Africanus the younger (Aemilianus), who captured Carthage (B.C. 146) and Numantia (B.C. 133). In his time there had been a law that no person should be consul twice in successlon.

ut . . . poneretur: clause of purpose with visum est (here a verb of decreeing).

C. Mario: Marius was chosen consul five years in succession, to carry on the wars here referred to.

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    • Cicero, On Pompey's Command, 51
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