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ejus modi, quo uno maleficio, of such a kind, that in this one crime (rel. clause of result).

voltu, by a look.

si . . . postularet, . . . cogebant, would compel it if the case required: see ยง 517, b (308, b); cf. B. 304, 3; G. 597, R.3; H. 583, I (5

); H.-B. 582, I and 3, a; jura cogebant is equivalent to a verb of necessity, and hence the imperf. indic. in the apodosis appears with the imperf. subj. in the protasis.

auditum sit, a general condition; subj. because integral part of the result clause.

tu (emphatic), you, a professional prosecutor.

censes: the word used to express deliberate judgment, after discussion or the like.

mores, character, as resulting from habits of life; naturam (next line), natural disposition.

tu: emphatic, as opposed to the general run of accusers. Cicero is here using the famous "argument from probability," a favorite with ancient orators and rhetoricians from the fifth century B.C. "For example, if a physically weak man be accused of an assault, he is to ask the jury, 'Is it probable that a weakling like me should have attacked anybody?' while if the accused is a strong man he is to claim that it is improbable that he should have committed an assault in a case where his strength was sure to be used as a presumption against him."


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  • Commentary references from this page (1):
    • A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge, G. L. Kittredge, J. B. Greenough, Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar, 517
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