5. res,case; res (next line), property. ab eo, away from him, i.e. the possessor. aratorum,cultivators (whether tenants or proprietors), who paid tithes (decumae) to the state. socii: see note on p. 30, l. 31. cruciati et necati:a Roman citizen could not legally receive any punishment touching life or limb, except by judgment of his peers in Rome. Thus, Jesus was crucified by the Roman governor Pilate under the ordinary provincial law applying to Jews; while Paul, a Roman citizen of the free city Tarsus, appealed to Caesar, and was sent to Rome for trial. (See extract from Verr. v, and pp. 59-65: "Crucifixion of a Roman Citizen.") rei facti, accused (rei from reus). The details of these charges are given in the five orations of the Accusatio; it would require too much space to repeat them here. ejecti,expelled from the country. optimae, best in themselves;opportunissimae,most valuable under the circumstances.
regum: the famous kings of Syracuse,— Hiero, Agathocles, etc. imperatorum:Marcellus, who conquered Syracuse, and Scipio Africanus the elder, who had Sicily as his province and crossed over from there for the conquest of Carthage. deum, i.e. statue of a god (see pp. 55, 56). videretur:subj. of characteristic. commemorare:complem. infin. for subj. with ne or quominus; § 558, b, N. (331, e, 2); B. 295, 3 and N.; G. 548, N.2; H. 596, ii (505, ii); H.-B. 587 and a.
at enim (a supposed objection), but,you may say. quin . . . possit:§ 559 (319, d ); B. 284, 3; G.556; H 595, I (504, I); H.-B 521, I. ut . . . timendum sit:clause of result. multitudo:including a large number of Sicilians, present at Rome for the purpose of prosecuting Verres, and of course personally cognizant of his crimes.