PerfectThe perfect denotes present time and completed aspect.
- Specific Perfect: The perfect denotes a completed action in the present time. Smyth 1945 “τὰς πόλεις αὐτῶν παρῄρηται” Dem. 9.26; he has taken away (and still holds) their cities
- Gnomic Perfect: The perfect can denote a general truth. Smyth 1948 “ἡ ἀταξία πολλοὺς ἤδη ἀπολώλεκεν” Xen. Anab. 3.1.38; lack of discipline already has been the ruin of many
- Present Simple Conditions: The present or perfect indicative stands in the protasis of present simple conditions. The present or perfect indicative stands in the apodosis. Smyth 2298-2301 “εἰ οὖν βούλεσθε, ἔξεστιν ὑμῖν ἡμᾶς λαβεῖν ξυμμάχους” Xen. Anab. 5.4.6; If you wish, you can take us as allies