FutureThe future expresses future time with either simple or continuing aspect.
- Specific Future: The future denotes an action that will take place at a future time. Smyth 1910-1913 “λήψεται μισθὸν τάλαντον” Xen. Anab. 2.2.20; he shall receive a talent as his reward
- Jussive Future: The future can denote a command, much like the imperative. Smyth 1917-1922 “ὣς οὖν ποιήσετε” Plat. Prot. 338a; you will do thus
- Gnomic Future: The future can express a general truth and, in this case, should be translated as a present. Smyth 1914 Plat. Rep. 603e “ἀνὴρ ἐπιεικὴς υἱὸν ἀπολέσας ῥᾷστα οἴσει τῶν ἄλλων” a reasonable man, if he loses a son, will (is expected to) bear it more easily than other men
- Future More Vivid Conditions: The subjunctive with ἐάν stands in the protasis of future more vivid conditions. The future indicative stands in the apodosis. Smyth 2323-2327 “τί ἔσται τοῖς στρατιώταις, ἐὰν αὐτῷ ταῦτα χαρίσωνται” Xen. Anab. 2.1.10; What will the soldiers have, if they oblige him in this?
- Future Most Vivid Conditions: The future indicative stands in the protasis and apodosis of future most vivid conditions. Smyth 2328 “ἀποκτενεῖς γάρ, εἴ με γῆς ἔξω βαλεῖς” Eur. Phoen. 1621; for you will slay me if you cast me out of the land