Middle VoiceThe middle voice denotes that the subject is both an agent of an action and somehow concerned with the action.
- Direct Reflexive: A direct reflexive middle denotes the idea of self as a direct object. Smyth 1717-1718 “δείσας μή ἐφ᾽ ἁρπαγὴν τράποιτο τὸ στράτευμα” Xen. Anab. 7.1.18; Fearing lest the army might betake itself to plunder.
- Indirect Reflexive: An indirect reflexive middle denotes the idea of self as an indirect object. Smyth 1719-1722 “μένειν τε αὐτὸν ἐκέλευε καὶ σύνδειπνον ἐποιήσατο” Xen. Anab. 2.5.27; He invited him to remain and made him his guest.