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an open space on the lower part of the south-eastern slope of the Capitoline hill, above the vicus Iugarius (Liv. xxiv. 47. 15 ; xxxviii. 28. 3). According to tradition this was the site of the house of Sp. Maelius that had been levelled with the ground by order of the senate, and the word itself was derived from his name (Varro, LL v. 157; Cic. de domo 101 ; de div. ii. 39; Liv. iv. 16. 1; Dionys. xii. 4; Val. Max. vi. 3. I; de vir. ill. 17. 5). In Cicero's time it was the market-place for lambs used in household worship (Jord. i. 1. 165; Mommsen, Roem. Forsch. ii. 202; BC 1914, 111).

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