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a fountain, named doubtless from a statue of Orpheus, on the Esquiline in Region V (Not. Cur), probably just outside the porta Esquilina (Mart. x. 19. 6-7). The inhabitants of this district seem to have been called Orfienses (CIL vi. 31893 d. 12: tabernarii Orfienses) in the fourth century (cf. LPD i. 171, 178 n. 13: domum in regione orfea intra urbem); and the name continued in use during the Middle Ages (cf. S. Biagio,1 S. Lucia and S. Martino in Orfea, Arm. 201, 214, 218; HCh 306, 382). See Jord. ii. 127, 495; HJ 345; Gruppe in Rosch. s.v. Orpheus iii. 1194; Eisler, Orpheus the Fisher, 278, who (following Richter 308) makes it ' an artificial lake of circular shape surrounded by steps, so that the whole building resembled a theatre.' 2 The position of the churches makes it impossible to identify it with the 'Trofei di Mario' (see NYMPHAEUM ALEXANDRI).

1 This church never existed; see HCh 507, No. 17*.

2 See also Eisler, Orphisch-Dionysische Mysteriengedanke in der Christlichen Antike (1925), 22 f., 188, 292.

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