the name applied in mediaeval documents to a
building or buildings on the Esquiline, near S. Bibiana at the corner of
the Viale Principessa Margherita 1
and the Via Cairoli (act. S. Bibianae,
cod. Vat. 6696: ad caput tauri iuxta palatium Licinianum ad formam
; Mirabil. 27; 2
cf. LPD i. 249
, vit. Simplic. I: fecit basilicam
intra urbe Roma iuxta palatium Licinianum beatae martyris Bibianae
ubi corpus eius requiescit
; Passio SS. Fausti et Pigmenii, catal. codd.
hagiogr. bibl. Paris. i. 522
: in cubiculo Romano iuxta palatium Licinianum
). It is natural to connect this with the HORTI LICINIANI
or gardens of the Emperor Licinius Gallienus, and the arch of Gallienus
at the old porta Esquilina, and it has been conjectured that by 300 A.D.
the district between the Viae Tiburtina and Labicana and the wall of
Aurelian had largely come into the possession of the emperors, and that
the term, palatium Licinianum, was applied to the complex of buildings
in the horti, including the existing NYMPHAEUM (2)
(q.v.). This, however,
is as yet merely conjecture (LPD i. 250
; LR 402-406; BC 1874, 55
HJ 359; HCh 213).