PORTA AURELIA (1)
the modern Porta S. Pancrazio, a gate in the Aurelian
wall on the summit of the Janiculum, through which the VIA AURELIA
(q.v.) issued. The original name occurs in DMH and later documents
(Eins. 7. i; Mirab. 4), but by the sixth century it was also called
Pancratiana and Transtiberina (Procop. BG 18. 35; 23. 12; 28. 19)
from the neighbouring church of S. Pancratius (Porta Aurelia, quae modo
porta Sancti Pancratii dictum
, GMU 88, R. ii. 408
). The original
was replaced by Urban VIII in 1644 (Jord. i. I. 375; T ix.
465-466) and this, after being damaged in the siege of 1849, was removed,
and the modern gate erected.