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a gate in the Servian wall, on the Esquiline, at the south end of the agger (Liv. ii. II. 5; Dionys. ix. 68; Flor. ii. 9. 6; App. BC i. 58; Censorin. d. d. nat. 17. 8; Frontinus i. 21). It is mentioned several times in ancient literature (Liv. pass.; Cic. pro Clu. 37 ; de orat. ii. 276; in Pis. 55, 61, 74; Tac. Ann. ii. 32). According to Strabo (v. 234) the via Labicana and the via Praenestina began at this gate ( Λαβικανὴ ἀρχομένη μὲν ἀπὸ τῆς ᾿Ησκυλίνης πύλης, ἀφ̓ ἧς καὶ Πραινεστινή, ἐν ἀριστερᾷ δ̓ ἀφεῖσα καὶ ταύτην καὶ τὸ πεδίον τὸ ᾿Ησκυλῖνον. The divergence of the two roads, however, took place only just before the Porta Praenestina of the Aurelian wall (PBS i. 150, n. I). The porta Esquilina itself, the site of which is marked by the existing ARCUS GALLIENI (q.v.), had probably been removed by the end of the republic (Jord. i. I. 221-222; RE v. 683; for excavations on this site, see BC 1875, 191, pl. xx). It is probable that the VIA TIBURTINA (q.v.) also issued from this gate (PBS iii. 86).

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