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a gate-probably in the Servian wall-which derived its name from a neighbouring oak grove (Plin. NH xvi. 37; Fest. 260,261: Querquetularia; BC 1905, 201). For the Querquetulanae virae (nymphs presiding over this grove), see Rosch. iv. 9; BM. Rep. i. 569, 4211-4.1 According to tradition the Caelian was once called mons Querquetulanus, and whether this be true or false, the porta Querquetulana was undoubtedly on this hill, very likely between the porta Capena and the porta Caelimontana, where an ancient road issued from the city, just south of the present S. Stefano Rotondo (Jord. i. I. 226; HJ 221).

1 Cf. Babelon, i. pp. 98-100.

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