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a hall of assembly for women, which Elagabalus built on the Quirinal in the place where the women had previously been accustomed to meet to discuss matters of common interest (Hist. Aug. Elag. 4: fecit et in colle Quirinali senaculum, id est mulierum Senatum). This was probably destroyed afterwards, for Aurelian is said to have wished to restore it or build another (id. Aurel. 49: senatum sive senaculum matronis reddi voluerat, ita ut primae illic quae sacerdotia senatu auctore meruissent; Becker, Top. 589; Mommsen, Staatsrccht iii. 914; HJ 443).

In 1914 two female statues were found in the ruins of a building of the imperial period 1 under the Palazzo del Marchese Bourbon del Monte in the Via Venti Settembre, 38.80 metres from the angle of the Via Salaria, which, Pasqui (NS 1914, 142-146) thinks, belong to this senaculum (BC 1914, 211). v. Domaszewski (SHA 1916, 7. A, 14; 1920, 6. A, 22) regards the senaculum mulierum as an invention based on the conventus matronalis (cf. Suet. Galb. 5; Liv. xxvii. 37. 9).

1 It is, as a fact, in opus reticulatum, and therefore too early for Elagabalus; nor is it likely that he used an earlier building.

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