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shrines of the essentially rustic deity Silvanus (WR 2. 13), erected by private individuals or collegia in Rome during the empire, several of which have been located by the discovery of inscriptions (Rosch. iv. 854-857). These are:

(I) inRegion III (probably), in the via Merulana, near the so-called Auditorium Maecenatis (CIL vi. 30930).

(2) in Region V, near the Lateran (vi. 580).1

(3) in Region V, near the present railway station and that part of the Servian agger which was called monte della Giustizia before its removal (vi. 3716=31013, 3697=30940; BC 1873, 89).

(4) in Region VI, near the south-east corner of the thermae Constantinianae, on the site of the present Banca d'Italia (vi. 31020-31022; NS 1887, 108-109; BC 1887, 162; HJ 420).

(5) in Region VI, near the hemicycle on the south-west side of the thermae Diocletiani (vi. 3714=31007).

(6) in Region VI in the horti Sallustiani, near the porta Pinciana, in the via Ludovisi (vi. 3102, 583, 640,3 30985, 31025; BC 1887, 223-224; 1888, 402; NS 1887, 275. To this shrine may refer Hist. Aug. Tac. 17. I: in templo Silvani), probably under the title Silvanus custos.

(7) in Region IX, on the site of the present church of S. Marco (vi. 626).4

(8) in region XII, near the north-west side of the thermae Antoninianae, on the slope below S. Balbina (vi. 543, 659; HJ 189; Merlin 324).

(9) in Region XIV, near S. Cosimato (vi. 692).

(10) in Region XIV, between the ponte Sisto and the Villa Faresina (vi. 31024; BC 1880, 133; NS 1880, 141).

(11) in Region XIVthe horti Caesaris (vi. 642 (A.D. 97), 31015; Rosch. iv. 866; HJ 646).

Five other inscriptions (vi. 576, 589, 610, 656, 679) clearly refer to shrines of which the location is unknown;5 while others contain no indication of any shrine, but belong apparently to statues only (Rosch. iv. 856-857; cf. Plin. NHxv. 77: simulacrum Silvani (ante aedem Saturni)). These are: (I) in Region VI, at the north-west corner of the thermae. Diocletiani, near S. Susanna (vi. 635=30805); (2) in Region VI, on the Pincian near the Villa Medici (vi. 623; HJ 446)6 ; (3) in Region XIII, on the Aventine near S. Saba (vi. 673, 31012=EE iv. 755; BC 1878, 29); (4) in Region XIII, within the limits of the emporium (vi. 3710=31002, 3718=31018; BC 1872, 140, 166).

1 The provenance of this inscription is quite uncertain, as it was first recorded as seen in the Campana collection. It is now in Paris (CIL vi. p. 3005).

2 There is some uncertainty as to its provenance; cf. CIL vi. p. 3004; IG xiv. 1000.

3 The provenance is equally uncertain, as the inscription was first copied in the house of Paolo Capranica in the fifteenth century.

4 This inscription was used in the pavement of the church, so that its original provenance is quite uncertain.

5 This inscription was used in the pavement of the church, so that its original provenance is quite uncertain.


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97 AD (1)
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