the headquarters of the praefectus annonae, who was
charged with the administration of the food supply of the city of Rome.
In the fourth century A.D. a structure was erected in front of the temple
of HERCULES POMPEIANUS
(?) (q.v.)-a rectangular porticus, some
30 metres long and 15 wide, with columns supporting arches on three sides
and a brick wall at the back. Traces of what may have been another
hall connected with it have been found to the north-east.
The discovery of various inscriptions connected with the annona
(CIL vi. 1151
, 31856; xv. 7941-7951
) in the neighbourhood 1
and of an
inscription of the older Symmachus on the opposite bank of the Tiber
(NS 1886, 362
; BC 1887, 16
; cf. Ann. d. Inst. 1885, 223-236
; BC 1889, 358-360
; Mitt. 1891, 107
) has led to the identification of this portico
with the statio. Into it was built the original diaconia, which was later
on enlarged by Pope Hadrian I (Rom. Quartalschr. 1893, 11-31
La Basilica di S. Maria in Cosmedin (Rome, 1927)
, 334-350; DAP 2. vi.
231-235; LR 522; LS iii. 43
; HJ 146-147; JRS 1919, 183
; P1. 402;
HCh 327-328. The arguments to the contrary in BC 1924, 135-150
not convincing; see YW 1925-6, 113, 114).