the name in use during the last
period of the republic
and early empire for that part of the Esquiline plateau that
the porta Esquilina (Cic. Phil. ix. 17
; Suet. Claud. 25;
Strabo v. 237
What its exact limits were, either then or earlier, is not
known, but it is
said to have been situated north of the via Labicana
(Strabo, loc. cit.),
and it probably included part of the present Piazza Vittorio
and the district immediately north of it. It formed a part of
been the early Esquiline necropolis (Hor. Sat. i. 8
. 8; cf.
HJ 265-27 ;
DE ii. 2163-2167
), a place of burial for prominent
Romans (Cic. loc. cit.)
as well as for the poor (Hor. loc. cit.), but it had been
reclaimed at the
beginning of the Augustan period and was used as a park
(Hor. loc. cit.
14-16). It is referred to as Agri novi by Prop. iv. 8
. 2; cf.
vetatque novis considere in hortis
. Executions also took
(Suet. loc. cit.).