DIVUS VESPASIANUS, TEMPLUM
a temple begun by Titus (AJA 1912, 411
but completed by Domitian, and called templum Vespasiani et Titi
(Chron. 146; Not. Reg. VIII), although only Vespasian's name appears
in the original inscription on the upper part of the architrave (CIL vi. 938
:divo Vespasiano Augusto SPQR
). Beneath this was added a second
line (Impp. Caes. Severus et Antoninus Pii felices Augg. Restituerunt
which indicates a restoration, probably not extensive, by Severus and
Caracalla. This inscription was complete in the seventh century and
was copied by the compiler of the Einsiedeln Itinerary, but only the end
of the last word has been preserved.
The temple was prostyle hexastyle, 33 metres long and 22 wide,
with an unusual arrangement of the steps on account of the narrow
space between the Tabularium, against which it was built, and the
clivus Capitolinus. The existing remains consist of the core of the
podium with some of its peperino lining, two fragments of the cella
wall of travertine, part of the pedestal in the rear of the cella on which
stood the statues of Vespasian and Titus, and three Corinthian columns
at the south-east corner of the pronaos. These columns are of white
marble, 15.20 metres high and 1.57 in diameter at the base, and support
a portion of the entablature on which are the last letters of the inscription.
Columns and entablature were reset in 1811, at which time it was still
called the temple of Jupiter Tonans. A restored fragment of the cornice
is in the Tabularium. The inside wall of the nearly square cella were
covered with oriental marbles, and there were marble columns around
its interior as in the temple of Castor. The exterior of the temple was
covered with white marble (Jord. i. 2
. 192-193; Reber 81-86; LR 29 ;
HC 89-91; Middleton i. 338-340
; Thedenat 158-159, 361; D'Esp.
, 93; DR 201-205; RE Suppl. iv. 495
, 496; HFP 20, 21).