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mentioned in Reg. in Region VIII, and in mediaeval documents without the adjective (Mir. 29; Eins. 9; Graphia ap. lord. ii. 532; Reg. Sublac. 138 ad a. 1003; LPD i. 490, 515, n. 13; ii. 75). The name survived in that of the mediaeval church of S. Abbacyri et Archangeli ad Alafantum (Arm. 563-4; HCh 162-3, 290; cf. 338 (templum maius (that of Jupiter) quod respicit super Alafantum), and the district is mentioned in a bull of Anacletus II (1130-8); cf. Jord. ii. 667. The monument probably stood a little east of the forum Holitorium, near the present church of S. Galla. It was probably a statue, but the meaning of herbarius is uncertain. It has been interpreted as 'tame' (Hulsen in RE v. 2325), as referring to a resort of the herbarii meaning dealers in herbs (Jord. i. 2. 476 ; Arm. loc. cit.), and (more probably) as indicating that the beast was represented eating grass (Platner, CP 1917, 194, who cites as parallels CIL vi. 10209; NS 1899, 149; BC 1924, 188-196; 1925, 65; Eranos, 1925, 129; RAP iv. 305-385).

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