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(templum Cic.; ναὸς δόξης καὶ ᾿Αρετῆς Plut.),

a double temple, of which the original part was built by Q. Fabius Maximus Verrucosus in 234 B.C. after his war with the Ligurians, and dedicated to Honos (Cic. de nat. deor. ii. 61) on 17th July (Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 102). In 222 B.C., after the battle of Clastidium, M. Claudius Marcellus vowed a temple to Honos et Virtus, a vow which he renewed after the capture of Syracuse, and which he attempted to discharge by re-dedicating the existing temple of Honos to both gods in 208. This was forbidden by the pontiffs, and therefore Marcellus restored the temple of Honos, and built a new part for Virtus, making a double shrine (Sym. Ep. i. 20: gemella facie). This was dedicated by his son in 205 (Liv. xxv. 40. I-3; xxvii. 25. 7-9; xxix. II. 13; Val. Max. i. I. 8; Plut. Marcell. 28). It contained many treasures brought by Marcellus from Syracuse (Cic. de rep. i. 21; Verr. iv. 121; Liv. xxvi. 32. 4; Asc. in Pison. 44), a large part of which had disappeared in Livy's time (Liv. xxv. 40. 3 : quorum perexigua pars comparet). It also contained the ancient bronze shrine, supposed to date from the time of Numa, the aedicula Camenarum, which was afterwards placed in the temple of Hercules and the Muses (Serv. Aen.'i. 8).

This temple was restored by Vespasian and decorated by two Roman artists, Cornelius Pinus and Attius Priscus (Plin. NH xxxv. 120).1 It is last mentioned in the fourth century (Not. Reg. I). It stood ad portam Capenam (Liv. xxv. 40. 3; xxix. II. 13; Mon. Anc. 2. 29), evidently outside the gate but very near to it (Not. Reg. I; Liv. xxvi. 32. 4: Hiero... cum ingrediens Romam in vestibule urbis prope in porta spolia patriae suae visurus), and probably on the north side of the via Appia; cf. supra, 19.

The statement that Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus, censor in 304 B.C. when he established the transvectio equitum, caused the procession of equites to start at the temple of Honos et Virtus (de vir. ill. 32), is certainly incorrect in assuming the existence of this temple at that date; nor can its proximity to the temple of MARS EXTRA PORTAM CAPENAM (q.v.) be inferred from the statement of Dionysius (vi. 13. 4) that this review of the equites was established in 496 B.C. and began at the temple of Mars (Momms. Staatsr. iii. 493; RE vi. 1806; for the temple and literature, see HJ 202-203; WR 149-151; RE viii. 2292-2293; Rosch. i. 2707-2708; DE iii. 964).

1 For these names cf. CIL vi. 12745, 16239.

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