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a temple on the Aventine, first mentioned as becoming the headquarters of the scribae and histriones during the second Punic war (Fest. 333). It was restored by Augustus (Mon. Anc. iv. 6=Greek x. 10, 11,ναὸς ᾿Αθηνᾶς; cf. RGDA 81; Rosch. ii. 664; Merlin 300-301), was standing in the fourth century (Not. Reg. XIII), and is represented on the Marble Plan (fr. 2) as peripteral hexastyle, about 22 metres wide and 45 long, with thirteen columns on each side. It seems to have been between the temples of LUNA and DIANA (q.v.; Oros. v. 12), probably near the intersection of the modern Vie di S. Sabina and S. Prisca (Merlin 103).

The date of the foundation of this temple is not known. The day of dedication is given in some of the sources as the Quinquatrus, 19th March (Ov. Fast. iii. 812; Fest. 257; Fast. Praen. ad xiii Kal. Apr., CIL ia. p. 234; cf. Fast. Philoc. ib. 260, where the date is erroneously 21st March); in others as 19th June (Ov. Fast. vi. 728; Fast. Esq. Amit. ad xiii Kal. Iul., CIL i². p. 211. 243; Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 99). This discrepancy has been explained by supposing that the later date was that of the restored temple (Aust. de aed. sacr. 42 f.; WR 253; Rosch. ii. 2985), or that it referred to the constitutio of the temple, and the earlier to the dedicatio (CIL i'. p. 312-313, 320; HJ 159).

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