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the name applied in mediaeval documents to a building or buildings on the Esquiline, near S. Bibiana at the corner of the Viale Principessa Margherita 1 and the Via Cairoli (act. S. Bibianae, cod. Vat. 6696: ad caput tauri iuxta palatium Licinianum ad formam Claudii; Mirabil. 27; 2 cf. LPD i. 249, vit. Simplic. I: fecit basilicam intra urbe Roma iuxta palatium Licinianum beatae martyris Bibianae ubi corpus eius requiescit; Passio SS. Fausti et Pigmenii, catal. codd. hagiogr. bibl. Paris. i. 522: in cubiculo Romano iuxta palatium Licinianum). It is natural to connect this with the HORTI LICINIANI (q.v.) or gardens of the Emperor Licinius Gallienus, and the arch of Gallienus at the old porta Esquilina, and it has been conjectured that by 300 A.D. the district between the Viae Tiburtina and Labicana and the wall of Aurelian had largely come into the possession of the emperors, and that the term, palatium Licinianum, was applied to the complex of buildings in the horti, including the existing NYMPHAEUM (2) (q.v.). This, however, is as yet merely conjecture (LPD i. 250; LR 402-406; BC 1874, 55; HJ 359; HCh 213).

1 Now Via Principe di Piemonte.

2 Here we find the form Palatium Licinii.

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300 AD (1)
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