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ἐξουσ-ία , , (ἔξεστι)
A.power, authority to do a thing, c. inf., “χαίρειν καὶ νοσεῖν . πάρεστιS.Fr.88.11 codd.; “αὐτῷ . ἦν σαφῶς εἰδέναιAntipho 1.6, cf. Th.7.12; ἐξουσίαν νόμος δέδωκε permission to do . ., Pl. Smp.182e; “. ποιεῖνId.Cri.51d, etc.; “. λαβεῖνAnd.2.28, X.Mem.2.6.24, etc.; “λαβὼν . ὥστε . .Isoc.3.45; ἐπὶ τῇ τῆς εἰρήνης . with the freedom permitted by peace, D.18.44: c. gen. objecti, . ἔχειν θανάτου power of life and death, Poll.8.86; πρᾶγμα οὗ τὴν . ἔχουσιν ἄλλοι control over . ., Diog.Oen.57; . τινός power over, licence in a thing, “τοῦ λέγεινPl.Grg.461e; ἐν μεγάλῃ . τοῦ ἀδικεῖν ib.526a, cf. R.554c; κατὰ τὴν οὐκ . τῆς ἀγωνίσεως from want of qualification for . ., Th.5.50: abs., power, authority, E.Fr.784.
2. abuse of authority, licence, arrogance,ὕβρις καὶ .Th.1.38, cf. 3.45, D.19.200; ἄγαν . ib.272; “ἄμετρος .OGI669.51 (i A.D.).
3. Lit. Crit., . ποιητική poetic licence, Str.1.2.17, Jul.Or.1.10b.
II. office, magistracy,ἀρχαὶ καὶ .Pl.Alc.1.135b; “οἱ ἐν ταῖς .Arist.EN1095b21; “οἱ ἐν . ὄντεςId.Rh. 1384a1; “οἱ ἐπ᾽ ἐξουσιῶνLXXDa.3.2; ὑπατικὴ . the consulate, D.S. 14.113, etc.; also “ ὕπατος .D.H.7.1; ταμιευτικὴ . the quaestorship, Id.8.77; δημαρχικὴ ., v. δημαρχικός; τοῦ θαλάμου ., in the Roman empire, lordship of the bedchamber, Hdn.1.12.3.
2. concrete, body of magistrates, D.H.11.32; αἱ . (as we say) the authorities, Ev.Luc.12.11,al., Plu.Phil.17.
b. . as an honorary title, POxy.1103 (iv A.D.), etc.
III. abundance of means, resources,ἐξουσίας ἐπίδειξιςTh.6.31; “πλοῦτος καὶ .Id.1.123, cf. D. 21.138; “ἐνδεεστέρως πρὸς τὴν .Th.4.39; “τῶν ἀναγκαίων .Pl.Lg. 828d; excessive wealth, opp. οὐσία, Com.Adesp.25a.5D.
IV. pomp, Plu.Aem.34.
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