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γίγνομαι , Ion. and after Arist. γίνομαι [ι_], (Att. Inscrr. have γιγν- in fifth and fourth cent., cf. IG2.11.9, 1055.25, etc.); Thess. γίνυμαι IG9(2).517.22; Boeot. γίνιουμαι ib.7.3303: fut. γενήσομαι: aor. ἐγενόμην
A.ἐγενάμηνLXXJe.14.1, al. (προ-) Decr.Byz. ap. D.18.90), Ion. 2sg. “γένευIl.5.897, 3sg. “γενέσκετοOd.11.208, “ἔγεντοHes.Th.705, Sapph.16, Pi.P.3.87, Parm.8.20, IG4.492 (Mycenae), prob.in Scol. 19; Ep. “γέντοHes.Th.199, Emp.98.5, Call.Jov.1.50, Theoc.14.27, etc. (γṇ-το): pf. “γέγοναIl.19.122, etc.: 3pl. “γέγονανApoc.21.6: plpf. “ἐγεγόνειLys.31.17, etc.; Ion. “ἐγεγόνεεHdt.2.2; Ep. forms (as if from pf. γέγα^α), 2pl. “γεγάα_τεBatr.143; “γεγάα_σιIl.4.325, freq. in Od.: 3pl. γεγα?κα^σιν cj. in Emp.23.10: 3dual plpf. ἐκ-γεγάτην [α^] Od.10.138; inf. γεγάμεν [α^] Pi.O.9.110, (ἐκ) Il.5.248, etc.; part. γεγα^ώς -α^υῖα, pl. “-α^ῶτες, -α^υῖαιHom., etc., contr. “γεγώς, -ῶσαS.Aj.472, E.Med.406; inf. “γεγα?κεινPi.O.6.49: Med. forms ἐκγεγάασθε Epigr.Hom.16, ἐκ-γεγάονται (in fut. sense) h.Ven.197 (s.v.l.):—Pass. forms, fut. γενηθήσομαι (only in Pl.Prm.141e, οὔτε γενήσεται, οὔτε γενηθήσεται, cf. Procl.in Prm.p.963 S.): aor. “ἐγενήθηνEpich.209, Archyt.1, Hp.Epid.6.8.32,7.3, later Att., Philem. 95.2 and 167, IG2.630b10 (i B. C.) and Hellenistic Gk., Plb.2.67.8, D.S.13.51: pf. “γεγένημαιSimon.69, freq. in Att. Poets and Prose, in Att. inscr. first in cent. iv, IG2.555: 3pl. “γεγενέανταιPhilet. ap.Eust.1885.51: plpf. “ἐγεγένητοTh.7.18, al.; cf. γείνομαι:—come into a new state of being: hence,
I. abs., come into being opp. εἶναι, Emp.17.11, Pl.Phd.102e, cf. Ti.29a; and so,
2. of things, to be produced, “ὅσα φύλλα καὶ ἄνθεα γίγνεται ὥρῃOd.9.51; opp. ὄλλυσθαι, Parm.8.13,40; opp. ἀπόλλυσθαι, Anaxag.17, cf. Pl.R.527b, etc.; opp. ἀπολείπειν, Diog. Apoll.7; opp. ἀπολήγειν, Emp.17.30; “τὰ γιγνόμενα καὶ ἐξ ὧν γίγνεταιPl.Phlb.27a; “ἁπλῇ διηγήσει διὰ μιμήσεως γ.Id.R.392d; “ ἐκ τῆς χώρας γιγνόμενος σῖτοςX.Mem.3.6.13; τὰ ἐν ἀγρῷ γιγνόμενα ib.2.9.4; of profits, “καρποὶ οἱ ἐξ ἀγελῶν γ.Id.Cyr.1.1.2, etc.; τὰ ἆθλα ἀπὸ τεττάρων ταλάντων ἐγένοντο were the produce of, i.e. were worth, 4 talents, Id.HG4.2.7; τὸ ἀπὸ τῶν αἰχμαλώτων γενόμενον ἀργύριον produced by [the ransom of] . . , Id.An.5.3.4; of sums, γεγονὼς ἀριθμὸς τῶν ψήφων the total of the votes, Pl.Ap.36a; ἕκατον εἴκοσι στατήρων γίγνονται τρισχίλιαι τριακόσιαι ἑξήκοντα [δραχμαί] 120 staters amount to 3,360 drachmae, D.34.24; so in Math., of products, “ ἐξ αὐτῶν γενόμενος ἀριθμόςEuc.7.24; ἀριθμὸς γενόμενος ἑκατοντάκις multiplied by 100, Papp.10.13; of times of day, “ὡς ἡμέρα ἐγένετοTh.7.81, etc.; “ἕως ἂν φῶς γένηταιPl.Prt.311a; “ἅμα ἕῳ γιγνομένῃTh.4.32; of Time in general, elapse, “διέτης χρόνος ἐγεγόνεε ταῦτα πρήσσουσιHdt.2.2; “χρόνου γενομένουD.S.20.109.
b. falldue, “οἱ γιγνόμενοι δασμοίX.An.1.1.8; “τοὺς τόκους τοὺς γ.Isoc.17.37; τὸ τίμημα τὸ γ., τὸ γ. ἀργύριον, D.24.82, Syngr. ap. eund.35.11; “τὸ γ. μέροςX.HG7.4.33; “τὸ γ. τοῖ πλήθι τᾶς ζαμίαυIG5(2).6A20 (Tegea, iv B. C.): c. dat., “τὸ γ. τινὶ ἔλαιονUPZ 19.32 (ii B. C.); “τοῖς γείτοσι τὸ γ.Thphr.Fr.97; “τὰ γ.dues, PHib.1.92 and 111 (iii B. C.): hence γιγνόμενος regular, normal, τίμημα, χάρις, D. 38.25; ἐν ταῖς γ. ἡμέραις in the usual number of days, X.Cyr.5.4.51; freq. in later Gk., as Luc.Tox.18, etc.
3. of events, take place, come to pass, and in past tenses to be, “καί σφιν ἄχος κατὰ θυμὸν ἐγίγνετοIl.13.86, etc.; “μάχη ἐγεγόνειPl.Chrm.153b, etc.; “ἐκεχειρία γίγνεταί τισι πρὸς ἀλλήλουςTh.4.58; “ νόσος ἤρξατο γίγνεσθαιId.2.47; πνεῦμα εἰώθει γ. ib.84; τὰ Ὀλύμπια γίγνεται, τραγῳδοὶ γίγνονται, are held, X.HG7.4.28, Aeschin.3.41, etc.; ψήφισμα γ. is passed, X.Cyr.2.2.21; πιστὰ γ., ὅρκοι γ., pledges are given, oaths taken, ib.7.4.3, D.19.158; γίγνεταί τι ὑπό τινος (masc.), X.An.7.1.30, (neut.) Pl.Tht.200e; “τὰ γιγνόμενα ὑπὸ τῶν ἈθηναίωνTh.6.88; “τὰ γενόμενα ἐξ ἀνθρώπωνHdt.Praef.; “ὕβρισμα ἐκ τῶν Σαμίων γενόμενονId.3.48; “ἀπό τινος γ.X.An.5.6.30; “παρά τινοςPl.R.614a; μὴ γένοιτο which God forbid, D.10.27,28.21; but γένοιτο, = Amen, LXX Is.25.1; γένοιτο γένοιτο ib.Ps.71(72).19: Math., γεγονέτω suppose it done, Euc.6.23, etc.; “γέγονεit is done, Apoc.16.17: c. dat. et part., γίγνεταί τί μοι βουλομένῳ, ἀσμένῳ (v. βούλομαι, ἄσμενος; οὐκ ἂν ἐμοί γε ἐλπομένῳ τὰ γένοιτο, i.e. I could not hope to see these things take place, Od.3.228; “ἡδομένοισι ἡμῖν οἱ λόγοι γεγόνασιHdt.9.46, etc.; of sacrifices, omens, etc., οὐ γάρ σφι ἐγίνετο τὰ σφάγια χρηστά ib.61, cf.62; “τὰ ἱερὰ καλὰ ἐγένετοX.An.6.4.9: abs., τὰ διαβατήρια ἐγ. were favourable, Th.5.55; “θυομένῳ οὐκ ἐγίγνετο τὰ ἱεράX.HG3.1.17: in neut. part., τὸ γενόμενον the event, the fact, Th.6.54; τὰ γενόμενα the facts, X.Cyr.3.1.9, etc.; “τὸ γιγνόμενονPl.Tht.161b, etc.; τὰ γεγενημένα the past, X.An.6.2.14; τὸ γενησόμενον the future, Th.1.138; τὰ γεγονότα, opp. ὄντα, μέλλοντα, Pl.R.392d, cf. Lg.896a: of Time, “ὡς τρίτη ἡμέρη τῷ παιδίῳ ἐκκειμένῳ ἐγένετοHdt.1.113; “ἕως ἄν τινες χρόνοι γένωνταιPl.Phd. 108c; but in pf. and plpf., to have passed, “ὡς διετὴς χρόνος ἐγεγόνεεHdt.2.2; “πρὶν ἓξ μῆνας γεγονέναιPl.Prt.320a: impers., ἐγένετο or γέγονεν ὥστε . . it happened, came to pass that . . , X.HG5.3.10, Isoc. 6.40, etc.; ἐγένετο, ὡς ἤκουσεν . . καὶ ἐθυμώθη it came to pass, when he heard . . that . . , LXX Ge.39.19; “ἐγένετο ἐν τῷ πορεύεσθαι . . καὶ διήρχετοEv.Luc.17.11: c. inf., γίνεται εὑρεῖν it is possible to find, Thgn.639; ἐγένετο, c. acc. et inf., it came to pass that, Act.Ap.9.3, al., PAmh.2.135.10 (ii A. D.): c. dat. et inf., “ἐάν σοι γένηται στραφῆναιEpict.Ench. 23.
II. folld. by a Predicate, come into a certain state, become, and (in past tenses), to be,
b. in past tenses, having ceased to be, γενόμενος στρατηγός the ex-strategus, POxy.38.11 (i A. D.); γ. γυνή τινος the former wife, PFlor.99.4 (i/ii A. D.).
3. folld. by oblique cases of Nouns,
b. c. dat., fall to, i. e. as wife, LXXNu.36.11.
c. with Preps., γ. ἀπὸ δείπνου, ἐκ θυσίας, have done . . , Hdt.2.78, 1.50; πολὺν χρόνον γ. ἀπό τινος to be separated from . . , X.Mem.1.2.25; γ. εἴς τι turn into, “τὸ κακὸν γ. εἰς ἀγαθόνThgn.162; freq. in LXX, “ἐγενήθη μοι εἰς γυναῖκαGe.20.12; εἰς βρῶσιν ib.La.4.10; εἰς οὐδέν, εἰς κενόν, Act.Ap.5.36, 1 Ep.Thess. 3.5; “ἐς ΑακεδαίμοναHdt.5.38 (in Hom. even without Prep., “ἐμὲ χρεὼ γ.Od.4.634); γ. τι εἴς τινα comes to him, of a dowry, Is.3.36; of a ward, And.1.117; γ. ἐξ ὀφθαλμῶν τινι to be out of sight, Hdt.5.24; ἐξ ἀνθρώπων γ. disappear from . . , Paus.4.26.6; “γ. ἐν ΧίῳHdt.5.33, etc.; γ. ἐν . . , to be engaged in . . , οἱ ἐν ποιήσει γινόμενοι in poetry, Id.2.82; ἐν [πολέμῳ] Th.1.78; “ἐν πείρᾳ γ. τινοςX.An.1.9.1; ἐν ὀργῇ, ἐν αἰτίᾳ πρός τινα γ., Plu.Flam.16, Rom.7; of things, ἐν καιρῷ γ. to be in season, X.HG4.3.2; “ἐν τύχῃ γ. τινί τιTh.4.73; γ. διὰ γηλόφων, of a road, X.An.3.4.24; but δι᾽ ἔχθρας γ. τινί to be at enmity with, Ar.Ra.1412; γ. ἐπὶ ποταμῷ arrive or be at . . , Hdt.1.189, etc.; γ. ἐπί τινι fall into or be in one's power, X.An.3.1.13, etc.; “ἐπὶ συμφοραῖς γ.D.21.58 codd. (-ᾶς Schaefer); γ. ἐπί τινι, also, to be set over . . , X.Cyr.3.3.53; γ. ἐφ᾽ ἡμῶν αὐτῶν to be alone, Aeschin.2. 36; “γ. ἐπὶ τῆς διοικήσεωςD.C.43.48; γ. ἐπ᾽ ἐλπίδος to be in hope, Plu.Sol.14: Math., γ. ἐπὶ ἀριθμόν to be multiplied into a number, Theol.Ar.3; γ. κατά τινα or τι to be near . . or opposite to . . , in battle, X.Cyr.7.1.14, HG4.2.18; but κατὰ ξυστάσεις γ. to be formed into groups, Th.2.21; “καθ᾽ ἓν γ.Id.3.10; καθ᾽ αὑτοὺς γ. to be alone, D.10.52; γ. μετὰ τοῦ θείου to be with God, X.Cyr.8.7.27, etc.; “ νίκη γ. σύν τινιId.Ages.2.13; γ. παρ᾽ ἀμφοτέροις τοῖς πράγμασι to be present on both sides, Th.5.26; γ. παρά τι to depend upon . . , D.18.232; γ. περὶ τὸ συμβουλεύειν to be engaged in . . , Isoc.3.12; γενοῦ πρός τινα go to So-and-so, PFay.128, etc.; γ. πρὸς τῇ καρδίᾳ to be at or near . . , Pl.Phd.118, etc.; γ. πρός τινι to be engaged in . . , Isoc. 12.270, D.18.176; αὐτὸς πρὸς αὑτῷ meditate, Plu.2.151c; so “γ. πρὸς τὸ ἰᾶσθαιPl.R.604d; “πρὸς παρασκευήνPlb.1.22.2: impers., “ἐπεὶ πρὸς ἡμέραν ἐγίγνετοX.HG2.4.6; γενέσθαι πρός τινων to be inclined towards them, Hdt.7.22; γ. πρὸ ὁδοῦ to be forward on the way, Il.4.382; γ. ὑπό τινι to be subject to . . , Hdt.7.11, Th.7.64; γ. ὑπὸ ταῖς μηχαναῖς to be under the protection of . . , X.Cyr.7.1.34.
4. γίγνεται folld. by pl. nouns, “ἵνα γίγνηται . . ἀρχαί τε καὶ γάμοιPl.R.363a, cf. Smp.188b; “ἐγένετο . . ἡμέραι ὀκτώEv.Luc.9.28. (Cf. jánati 'procreate', jánas ( = γένος), Lat. gigno, gnatus.
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