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καίριος , α, ον, also ος, ον Thgn.341, A.Ch.1064, S.Ph.637, Luc.Nigr. 35:
I. (“καιρός11) in Hom. always of Place, in or at the right place, hence of parts of the body, καίριον a vital part, Il.8.84,326; “ἐν καιρίῳ4.185; “ αὐχήν ἐστι τῶν καιρίωνX.Eq.12.2, cf. 8 (Sup.); of wounds, mortal, καιρίῃ (sc. πληγῇ)“ τετύφθαιHdt.3.64; “πέπληγμαι καιρίαν πληγήνA.Ag.1343; καιρίας πληγῆς τυχεῖν ib. 1292, cf. X.Cyr.5.4.5; καιρίας (v.l. -ίους)“ σφαγάςE.Ph.1431; ἔχειν τὴν καταφορὰν κ. Plb.2.33.3; butalso, grave, serious, νουσήματα, τρώματα, Hp.Morb.1.5: generally, “καιριωτάτης τετευχέναι ΧώραςTheol.Ar.44.
II. of Time, in season, timely, “εὕρισκε ταῦτα καιριώτατα εἶναιHdt.1.125, cf. Emp.111.6; Χρὴ λέγειν τὰ κ. A.Th.1, cf. Ch.582; καίριοι συμφοραί ib.1064; “εἴ τι κ. λέγειS.Ant.724; δρᾶν, φρονεῖν τὰ κ., Id.Aj.120, El.228 (lyr.); “καίριος σπουδήId.Ph.637; “-ωτέρα βουλήE.Heracl.471; “κ. ἐνθύμημαX. HG4.5.4; τὸ ἀεὶ κ. Id.Cyr.4.2.12, etc.; πρὸς τὸ κ., = καιρίως, S.Ph. 525; critical, αὐτὰ τὰ κ. ἔχων ἑκκαίδεκα (sc. ἔτη) AP12.22 (Scyth.); agreeing with the subject, καιρίαν δ᾽ ἡμῖν ὁρῶ στείχουσαν Ἰοκάστην coming at the right time, S.OT631; “καίριος ἤλυθεςE.El.598; καιρία (Dind. for καὶ δορία πτώσιμος falling at the exact or fatal moment, A. Ag.1122 (lyr.); τὰ κ. timely circumstances, opportunities, Th.4.10; emergencies, D.C.Fr.70.8.
2. lasting but for a season, AP12.224 (Strato).
III. chief, principal, “τὰ καιριώτατα τῶν κλημάτωνThphr. CP3.15.4, cf. 6.4.2.
IV. Adv. -ρίως in season, seasonably, “κ. εἰρημένονA.Ag.1372; “σκοπεῖνE.Rh.339: Comp. “-ωτέρωςX.Cyr.4.5.49.
2. mortally, “οὐτασμένοςA.Ag.1344, cf. Plb.2.69.2.
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