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ὅπλον , τό,
A.tool, implement, mostly in pl., like ἔντεα, τεύχεα: (prob. from ἕπω A):
I. a ship's tackle, tackling, Hom.(only in Od.), 2.390, al., Hes.Op.627 ; esp. ropes, halyards, etc., “δησάμενοι δ᾽ ἄρα ὅπλαOd. 2.430, etc.; in which sense Hom. twice uses the sg., rope, 14.346, 21.390: generally, any ropes, Hdt.7.25, 9.115, Hp.Art.78.
II. tools, strictly so called, in Hom. esp. of smiths' tools, Il.18.409,412 ; in full, “ὅπλα χαλκήϊαOd.3.433 : in sg., ὅπλον ἀρούρης sickle, AP6.95 (Antiphil) ; ὅπλον γεροντικόν staff, Call.Epigr.1.7 ; δείπνων ὅπλον ἑτοιμότατον, of the wine-flask, AP6.248 (Marc. Arg.).
III. in pl., also, implements of war, arms and armour, Hom. (only in Il.), αὐτὰρ ἐπεὶ πάνθ᾽ ὅπλα κάμε, of the arms of Achilles, 18.614, cf. 19.21 ; “ὅπλοισιν ἔνι δεινοῖσιν ἐδύτην10.254,272 ; so in Pi.N.8.27, IG12.1.9, E.Hec. 14, etc.: rarely in sg., weapon,οὐδέ τι ἀρήϊον ὅπλον ἐκτέαταιHdt.4.23, cf. 174, E.HF161,570,942, Pl.R.474a, X.Cyr.7.4.15 ; ποτὶ πονηρὸν οὐκ ἄχρηστον ὅπλον πονηρία [Epich.]275 ; piece of armour, D.S.3.49.
2. the large shield, from which the men-at-arms took their name of ὁπλῖται (“εἰκόνα γραπτὴν ἐν ὅπλῳIG22.1012.18 (ii B. C.), cf. IGRom.4.1302.35 (Cyme, i B. C./i A. D.), Th.7.75, D.S.15.44, 17.18); “ὅπλον στύππινονIG11(2).203 B99 (Delos, iii B. C.) : metaph., “τῆς πενίας ὅπλον παρρησίαNicostr.Com.29; “. μέγιστον . . ἁρετὴ βροτοῖςMen. Mon.433, cf. 619.
4. ὅπλα, = ὁπλῖται, men-at-arms,πολλῶν μεθ᾽ ὅπλωνS.Ant.115 (lyr.): and freq. in Prose, ἐξέτασιν ὅπλων ποιεῖσθαι to have a muster of the men-at-arms, Th.4.74, etc.; ἐπὶ τῶν ὅπλων στρατηγός, opp. ἐπὶ τῆς διοικήσεως, Decr. ap. D.18.38, Decr.ib. 115 ; “χειροτονηθεὶς ἐπὶ τὰ . πρῶτος . . στρατηγόςIG22.682.44 (iii B. C.); “στρατηγεῖν ἐπὶ τὰ .SIG697 E (Delph., ii B. C.), etc.
5. τὰ . the place of arms, camp,ἦλθεν εἰς τὰ .Lys.13.12, cf.X.Cyr.7.2.5, etc.; “ἐκ τῶν . προϊέναιTh.1.111, cf. 3.1.
IV. of the arms possessed by animals for self-defence, “[τὸν ἄνθρωπον] οὐκ ἔχοντα ὅπλον πρὸς τὴν ἀλκήνArist.PA687a25, cf. b4, al.
V. membrum virile, Nic.Fr.74.30, APl.4.242 (Eryc.), Hsch.
VI. a gymnastic exercise, the last which came on in the games, Artem.1.63.
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