previous next
πρέσβυ^ς , Pi.P.4.282, A.Ag.530, εως or εος (v. infr. 11), , voc.
A.πρέσβυ^E.Or.476, Ar.Th.146:—old man (poet. for prose πρεσβύτης), in this sense only used in nom., acc., and voc., “ π. ΠόλυβοςS.OT941; “Φοῖνιξ π.Id.Ph.562; “δριμὺς π.Ar.Av.255 (lyr.); “πατέρά πρές βυνS.Ph.665; “πρέσβυId.OT1013, 1121; “ πρέσβυE. l. c., Ar. l. c.; “ π.the elder, A. Ag.184 (lyr.), 205 (lyr.), 530; cf. πρέσβα, πρέσβειρα, πρεσβηΐς, πρέσβις: pl. πρέσβεις, elders, three times in Trag., always voc. (v. infr. 111), A. Pers. 840, S.OT 1111, E.HF247; for πρεσβῆ, πρεσβῆες, πρισγεῖες, v. πρεσβεύς: Comp. and Sup. are the only forms found in Hom., Comp. πρεσβύτερος, α, ον (late “πρεσβυτερωτέραPLond.2.177.15 (i A. D.)), elder, Il.11.787, 15.204, Hdt.2.2, etc.; πλεῖν 'νιαυτῷ by more than a year, Ar.Ra.18; πρεσβυτέρα ἀριθμοῦ older than the fit number, Pi. Fr.127; βουλαὶ πρεσβύτεραι thy counsels wise beyond thy years, Id.P.2.65; “γνώμη π. τῆς ἡλικίαςD.H.5.30; “οἱ σοφοὶ καὶ π.Arist.EE1215a23; of animals, Id.HA546a7; “ἵππος π. ἤδη ὤνrather old, PCair.Zen. 225.8 (iii B. C.); also “δένδρα π.Thphr.CP1.13.8; ἐπὶ τὸ π. ἰέναι become older, Pl.Lg.631e; “ἵνα μὴ π. ὢν ῥέμβωμαιin my old age, PCair. Zen. 447.9 (iii B. C.): Sup. πρεσβύτατος, η, ον, eldest, Il.4.59, 11.740, Hes.Th.234, etc.; “π. γενεῇIl.6.24; as a term of respect, “ἐγὼ παλαιότατός εἰμι σὺ δὲ π.Plu.Nic.15; of animals, Arist.HA546a4, al. : for the poet. forms πρέσβιστος, πρεσβίστατος, v. πρέσβιστος, and cf. πρεῖγυς.
II. = πρεσβευτής, ambassador, in nom. sg. only cj. in A. Supp.727 (v. πρέσβη) and in Prov. ap. Sch.Il.4.394 (v. πρέσβις (A)); gen. “πρέσβεωςAr.Ach.93 (at end of line); “πρέσβεοςChoerob. in Theod. 1.233: dual πρέσβει (written πρεσβε) IG12(1).977.45,57 (Carpathos, iv B. C.): pl. πρέσβεις, Dor. uncontr. πρέσβεες ib.14.952.11 (Acragas, iii B. C.) (at first more freq. than πρεσβευταί (q. v.)), Ar.Ach.61, IG12.52.1, 22.1.20, al., D.19.183; acc. “πρέσβειςIG12.46.24, Foed. ap. Th.4.118, X.HG4.8.13; gen. πρέσβεων, dat. πρέσβεσι, Ar.Ach.76,62, IG22.1.7.
III. at Sparta a political title, president, τῶν ἐφόρων ib.5(1).51.6, 552.11; νομοφυλάκων ib.555b19; βιδέων ib.556.6; συναρχίας ib.504.16; τῆς φυλῆς ib.564.3; [σφαιρέων] ib.675.5; gen. sg. πρέσβεως ib. 504.16, al.
2. Comp. πρεσβύτερος, elder, alderman,τῆς κώμηςBGU 195.30 (ii A. D., pl.), cf. POxy.2121.4 (iii A. D.), etc.; “ἐκρίθημεν ἐπί τε Νουμηνίου καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν π.PCair.Zen.520.4 (iii B. C.), cf. UPZ124.22, 36 (ii B. C.); τοῖς ἱερεῦσι καὶ (both) “τοῖς π. καὶ τοῖς ἄλλοις πᾶσιOGI194.3 (Egypt, i B. C.); οἱ π. τῶν ὀλυροκόπων ib.729 (Alexandria, iii B. C.); “π. τῶν γεωργῶνPTeb.13.5 (ii B. C.); “π. γέρδιοιIGRom.1.1122 (Theadelphia, ii A. D.); τέκτονες π. ib.1155 (Ptolemaïs Hermiu, i A. D.): elder of the Jewish Sanhedrin, Ev.Matt.16.21, etc.; later, elder of the Christian Church, presbyter, Act.Ap.11.30, 20.17, 1 Ep.Ti.5.19, POxy.1162.1 (iv A. D.), etc.; of the Apostles, 2 Ep.Jo.1.1, 3 Ep.Jo.1.1.
IV. wren, Arist.HA609a17, 615a19, Hsch.; cf. σπέργυς. -βυ-, Cret. -γυ- (in πρεῖγυς), cogn. with Skt. -gu in vanar-gú- 'one who lives or moves in the forest', Lith. žmogùs 'man' (lit. 'one who moves on the ground'); πρεσ- cogn. with Lat.prae, pris-tinus; the oldest sense of π. is 'going in front, taking precedence'.)
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: