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παύω , Il.19.67, etc. : Ion. impf.
A.παύεσκονOd.22.315, S.Ant.963 (lyr.): fut. “παύσωIl.1.207, etc.; Ep. inf. παυσέμεν κατα-) 7.36 : aor. “ἔπαυσα15.15, etc., Ep. “παῦσα17.602 : pf. “πέπαυκαD. 20.70, Antisth. Od. 10 :—Med. and Pass., Ion. impf. “παυέσκετοIl.24.17 : fut. “παύσομαιOd. 2.198, Hdt.1.56, S.OC1040, Ph.1424, E.Med.93, etc. ; πεπαύσομαι only S.Ant.91, Tr.587 (though held to be the true Att. form by Moer.p.293 P.); παυσθήσομαι (v.l. παυθ-) Th.1.81 ; later παήσομαι ἀνα-) Apoc.14.13 : aor. “ἐπαυσάμηνIl. 14.260 ; ἐπαύθην, Ep. παύθην, Hes. Th.533, Th.5.91 (v.l. παυσθῇ), etc. ; “ἐπαύσθηνHdt.5.94, etc. ; later “ἐπάηνChoerob. in Theod. 2.141 H. : pf. “πέπαυμαιIl.18.125, A.Pr.615, Hdt.1.84, Ar.Pax 29, etc. (πεπάσθαι is f.l. in Vett. Val.359.31):
I. causal, make to end,
1. c. acc. only, bring to an end, check, sts. of persons, “ἵνα παύσομεν ἄγριον ἄνδραIl.21.314, cf. S.Ant.963 (lyr.), Ar.Eq. 330 ; stop or silence by death, Od. 20.274, S.OT397 :—Pass. and Med., take one's rest, “ἐνὶ κλισίῃIl.24.17, cf. Hdt.9.52, etc.; cease, have done, Il.8.295, Od.4.103, etc. ; of one singing or speaking, 17.359, Hdt.7.8.δ́ : generally, Med. denotes willing, Pass. forced, cessation.
2. c. acc. pers. et gen. rei, hinder, keep back, or give one rest, from a thing, π. Ἕκτορα μάχης, πόνοιο Ἀχιλῆα, Θάμυριν ἀοιδῆς, Πηνελόπειαν κλαυθμοῖο, Il.15.15, 21.137, 2.595, Od.4.801 ; π. τινὰ ἀλκῆς, ἄλης, καμάτοιο, ὀδυνάων, Il. 15.250, Od. 15.342, 5.492, Il.4.191 ; so “π. χεῖρας πολέμοιο21.294 ; “ὀρχηθμοῖο πόδαςOd. 23.298 ; “π. τινὰ τῆς βοῆςS.El.798 ; “τῆς ὕβρεωςAr.Av.1259 ; “τῆς λυγγόςPl.Smp.185d ; τῆς ἁμαρτίας καὶ ἀμαθίαςId.Lg.784c ; “τῶν ἐπιθυμιῶνX.Mem.1.2.5 ; [τῆς νόσου] IG42(1).121.71 (Epid., iv B. C.) ; π. τινὰ τῆς βασιληΐης depose one from being king, Hdt.1.123 ; τινὰ τῆς ἀρχῆς, τῆς στρατηγίας, X.Cyr.8.6.3, HG6.2.13 ; “τῆς ἔξω ξυμμαχίας τινάςTh.3.65 ; also “π. τινὰ ἐκ κακῶνS.El.987 ; “τινὰ ἀπὸ παιδαγωγῶνX.Lac.3.1 ; with acc. unexpressed, “αἴ κέ ποθι Ζεὺς . . παύσῃ ὀϊζύοςOd.4.35 ; “φάρμαχ᾽ κεν παύσῃσι . . ὀδυνάωνIl.4.191 :—Pass. and Med., rest or cease from a thing, πολέμοιο, μάχης, ἔργων, πόνου, γόοιο, κλαυθμοῦ, ὀδυνάων, κλαγγῆς, etc., 21.432,467, Od.4.683, 24.384, 9.540, 17.7, 4.812, Il.2.100, etc. ; τῆς μάχης, τοῦ δρόμου, Hdt.1.74, 4.124 ; “γόωνE.Med. 1211 ; “τῆς ὀργῆςLys.19.6 ; “φιλανθρώπου τρόπουA.Pr.11 ; παύεσθαι ἀρχῆς to be deposed from, or reach the term of, office, Hdt.1.56, cf. 6.66, IG12.114.46 ; “ἐκ μεγάλων ἀχέων παυσαίμεθ᾽ ἄνAr.Ra.1531 (lyr.); “ἐκ τρόχων πεπαυμένοιE.Med.46, cf. El.1108.
3. c. pres. part., stop a person from . . , π. τινὰ ἀριστεύοντα stop him from doing bravely, Il. 11.506 ; “τὸν ἄνδρα παῦσον ταῦτα ποιεῦνταHdt.5.23 ; γελῶντας ἐχθροὺς π. S.El.1295 ; “παύσω δέ σ᾽ ὄντ᾽ ἄπαιδαE.Med.717 :—Pass. and Med., leave off doing . . , ὅθ᾽ ὕπνος ἕλοι, παύσαιτό τε νηπιαχεύων when he stopped playing, Il.22.502, cf. A.Pr.615, Ag.1047, Hdt.1.133, etc.; of things, “ἄνεμος μὲν ἐπαύσατο . . θύωνOd.12.400 : the part. is freq. to be supplied, αἷμα, φλόξ, ἄνεμος ἐπαύσατο, the blood stopped [flowing], the fire [burning], the wind [blowing], Il.11.267, 23.228, Od.12.168, etc. ; so Ῥοδώπιος πέρι πέπαυμαι (sc. λέγων) Hdt.2.135, cf. 7.10.
b. Med. c. inf., Batr.193, AP6.21.8, and later Prose, as Plu.2.216d.
5. Med., yield, give, of timber, opp. ἵστασθαι, Thphr.HP5.6.3.
II. intr. in imper. παῦε, cease, leave off (παύου is rare, S.Ichn.359, Ephipp.5.20, Luc.Im.2), “παῦε μάχηςHes.Sc.449 codd., cf.h.Cer.351 ; “παῦε γόοιοEpigr.Gr.320.5 (Thyatira) : mostly abs., παῦε stop! have done! be quiet!παῦε, μὴ λέξῃς πέραS.Ph.1275, cf. Ar.V.1208, Ra.122, 269, Pl.Phdr.228e ; “παῦε, παῦε, μὴ βόαAr.Av.1504, cf. V.1194 ; also “παῦε, παῦε τοῦ λόγουId.Ra.580 ; “παῦε, παῦ᾽ ὀρχούμενοςId.Pax326 ; “παῦ᾽ ἐς κόρακαςId.Ach.864, where the other Verbs are pl. ; παῦ, apoc. for “παῦε, παῦ, μηδὲν ὄμνυ᾽Men.Sam.96, cf. Ael.Dion.Fr.275, etc.: also imper. Med., “παῦσαι λέγουσαE.Hipp.706 ; “παῦσαι φαρμακοπωλῶνAr.Fr.28 ; “π. μελῳδοῦσ᾽Com.Adesp.601 ; “π. δυσωνῶνPl.Com.224, cf. Theopomp.Com.62, Philetaer.6, Philem.213.1 ; παύσασθε νοῦν ἔχοντες (leg. λέγοντες) Men.482.1.
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