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ζῆλος , ου, , later εος, τό, Ep.Phil.3.6 codd. opt.; Dor. ζᾶλος IG12 (5).891, etc.:—
A.jealousy (= φθόνος), Hes.Op.195, S.OT1526: coupled with φθόνος by Democr.191, Lys.2.48, Pl.Phlb.47e, 50c, Lg. 679c(pl.); “εἰς ζῆλον ἰέναιId.R.550e: more usu. in good sense, eager rivalry, emulation, Id.Mx.242a, Arist.Rh.1388a30.
2. c. gen. pers., zeal for one, “ξυναίμωνS.OC943; κατὰ ζῆλον Ἡρακλέους in emulation of him, Plu.Thes.25; “ζ. πρός τιναLuc.Dem.Enc.57: abs., passion, PGrenf.1.1.13 (ii B.C.).
3. c. gen. rei, ζῆλον . . γάμων ἔχουσα causing rivalry for my hand, E.Hec.352; “ζ. ἀζήλων καὶ φόβον ἀφόβωνPhld.Oec.p.66J.; ζ. τῶν ἀρίστων emulous desire for . . , opp. φυγὴ τῶν χειρόνων, Luc.Ind.17; “ἀνδραγαθίαςPlu.Cor.4; so “ζ. πρός τιPhld.Rh.2.53S., Plu.Per.2; “ζ. περὶ τὰ στρατιωτικάStr.14.2.27: pl., ambitions, Phld.Rh.2.54S.
4. fervour, zeal, LXX 4 Ki.19.31, al., 1 Ep.Cor.14.1,al.; indignation, “ζ. πυρόςEp.Hebr.10.27.
5. personified as son of Styx, brother of Βία, Κράτος, Νίκη, Hes.Th. 384.
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