previous next
χρεών , Ion. χρεόν (the form best attested in Parm.8.45 and Hdt.); also χρειών , Democr.55, τό: gen.
A.τοῦ χρεώνE.Hipp.1256, HF21, but little used save in nom. and acc.:—that which must be,κατὰ τὸ χ.Anaximand.1 (Diels Vorsokr.5); “τὴν μοῖραν εἰς τὸ μὴ χ. παραστρέφωνE.Fr.491.3; “χ. τοῦ χρησμοῦPlu.Nic.14.
2. mostly in the phrase χρεών (sc. ἐστι), like χρή, it is necessary, c. inf., Thgn.564, A.Ag.922, S.OT633, Democr. l. c., etc.: c. acc. et inf., Pi.P.2.52, Hdt.1.41,57, 2.133, A.Pr.772,970, al., S.Ph.1439, Ar. Eq.138, Th.5.49; “τὸ χ. γενέσθαιHdt.7.17.
3. sts. as a neut. part. (like ἐξόν, etc.), it being necessary, since it was necessary, Id.5.50.
III. less freq., that which is expedient or right,ὅρκον δ᾽ οὔτ᾽ ἄδικον χ. ἔμμεναι οὔτε δίκαιονChoeril.7; “ἔννεπε τί σοι χρεὼν ὑπουργεῖνS.Ph.143 (lyr.); “μητέρ᾽ εἰ χ. ταύτην προσαυδᾶνId.El.273, cf. 983, Ar.Nu.1446(lyr.), etc.; with the Art., “ἔκανες ὃν οὐ χρῆν, καὶ τὸ μὴ χ. πάθεA.Ch..930: abs. in part., ὑμεῖς ἂν οὐ χ. ἄρχοιτε ye would rule unrightfully, Th.3.40.—In Trag. χρεών ( = χρή) appears without ἐστί or ἦν; in Ar. and Prose the verb is more commonly added, but not in Ar.Nu. l. c., Pl.Sph.220d, Criti.107b, al.
IV. as Adj., “τῷ χ. πόσειE.Fr.501. (Not in Hom. or Hes., Od.15.201 being f. l. for χρεώ.) [In Poets χρεών is sts. monosyll., as in Choeril. l. c., Parm.4.5, al.; outside of hexameters prob. always disyll., since χρή can be restored in E.IT1486, Fr.733.3.] (From χρεώ, with addition of ν from the synonym δέον; when used as part. abs., as in Sol.Fr.34.6, Th.3.40, from χρεὼ ὄν.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (27 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (27):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 922
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 772
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 970
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 1446
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 138
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 515
    • Euripides, Heracles, 21
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 1256
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 1486
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.133
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.41
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.50
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.17
    • Homer, Odyssey, 15.201
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 7.15.1
    • Plato, Sophist, 220d
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 255a
    • Plato, Critias, 107b
    • Sophocles, Electra, 983
    • Sophocles, Electra, 273
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 633
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 143
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1439
    • Strabo, Geography, 1.3.21
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.40
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.49
    • Plutarch, Nicias, 14
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: